Elites and University in interwar Romania. The

Elitele şi Universitatea în România interbelică. Problema "şomajului intelectual"
Elites and University in interwar Romania. The "intellectual unemployment" issue

Author(s): Dragoş Sdrobiş
Subject(s): History
Published by: Editura Academiei Române
Keywords: university; intellectual unemployment; directed education; intellectual unemployers census

Summary/Abstract: The superior education in the modern Romania was an important institution in leading to social change by promoting a new social identity: the intellectual. Nevertheless, the switch of the superior education into mass education after 1918 and the imbalance between education and economy requests provoked an overproduction of licensed youth. This symptom became more visible due to the great economic depression, that led to intellectual unemployment. That is the reason why a new type of education had been promoted: the directed education. More than that, the state's concern regarding this problem is obvious in 1937, when a census of the intellectual unemployers is accomplished. Meanwhile, it is reasonable to create a causal link between intellectual unemployment and the ascent of the nationalistic political trends in the 1930s, as it was the legionary movement.

  • Issue Year: LI/2012
  • Issue No: 51
  • Page Range: 255-285
  • Page Count: 31
  • Language: Romanian