Terms & Conditions of use

By using the CEEOL archive the institutional subscribers agree to abide by the following
Terms and Conditions:

License agreement for institutional subscribers.pdf

Terms & Conditions of use

Please read this license agreement carefully before using this site. Any digital file, article, or other material (collectively, the "content") that is on this site is the copyrighted work of Questa.Soft GmbH and/or its editor partners. Use of the content is governed by the terms of this license agreement. If you do not agree to these terms, please do not use this site. By using this site, you signify your acceptance of these terms.
The database of the www.ceeol.com , which includes all articles, is referred to herein as “Content”. Services provided by this website are (a) subscription access to the Content or parts of the Content, (b) transactional access (Pay-Per-View/Prepaid Account) to the Content or parts of the Content. No information downloaded from this website by a person authorized to do so, whether an organization or an individual, may be passed on to or shared with any other organization or individual or in any way utilized by any person other than the authorized person downloading such information.

Restrictions on use of the content and Copyright

The www.ceeol.com website is owned and operated by Questa.Soft GmbH. No content from this site may be copied, framed, reproduced, republished, uploaded, posted, transmitted, or distributed in any way, except that you may temporarily download one copy of the content on any single computer or print one or more copies of the content for your personal, non-commercial use only, provided you keep intact all copyright, trademark and other proprietary notices. In the event you download any content from this site, such content is licensed to you by Questa.Soft GmbH. Questa.Soft GmbH . does not transfer title to the content to you. Republication or redistribution of the content, including by framing or similar means, is expressly prohibited. Modification of the content contained on this site or use of the content for any other purpose is prohibited and constitutes a violation of the copyright and other proprietary rights of Questa.Soft GmbH and/or its editor partners. Without limiting the foregoing, copying or reproduction of the content or any other material obtained on this site to any other server or location for further reproduction or redistribution is expressly prohibited.

By the use of this website, the user acknowledges and agrees that all components of the Content are the copyrighted property of their respective publishers. The user acknowledges and agrees that purchase of any of the Content through this website shall be for research purposes only, and any attempt to re-sell any part of the Content acquired through this website or to incorporate any part of such Content into a work for commercial distribution is a violation of these Terms and Conditions and may be a violation of German and/or international copyright laws. Any action by a user or authorized by a user in violation of these Terms and Conditions or in violation of any copyright law may result in an investigation of such actions and/or suspension or termination of the user's authorization to utilize this website. If a user's authorization to utilize this website is suspended or terminated for violation of any copyright law or for violation of any provision of these Terms and Conditions, the user shall forfeit the balance of user's subscription fees and/or prepaid or promotional search credits.

Warranty disclaimer

The content in this site is provided "as is" and without warranties of any kind either express or implied. To the fullest extent permissible pursuant to applicable law, Questa.Soft GmbH disclaim all warranties, express or implied, including, but not limited to, implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose, title and non-infringement.

Questa.Soft GmbH does not warrant that the functions contained in the content will be uninterrupted or error-free, that defects will be corrected, or that this site or the server that makes it available are free of viruses or other harmful components.

Questa.Soft GmbH does not warrant or make any representations regarding the use or the results of the use of the content in this site in terms of their correctness, accuracy, reliability, or otherwise. You (and not Questa.Soft GmbH) assume the entire cost of all necessary servicing, repair, or correction. Applicable law may not allow the exclusion of implied warranties, so the above exclusion may not apply to you.

Limitation of liability

Under no circumstances shall Questa.Soft GmbH be liable for any special or consequential damages that result from the use of, or the inability to use, the materials in this site, even if Questa.Soft GmbH or a Questa.Soft GmbH authorized representative has been advised of the possibility of such damages.

Links to third-party sites

There are links in this site that will let you leave the CEEOL site. The linked sites are not under the control Questa.Soft GmbH and Questa.Soft GmbH is not responsible for the contents of any linked site or any link contained in a linked site. Questa.Soft GmbH & CEEOL provide these links to you only as a convenience, and the inclusion of any link does not imply endorsement by Questa.Soft GmbH of the site.

Prepaid account refund and replenishment

This section pertains to the prepaid user accounts established for use within the online transactional Prepaid account/ Pay-Per-View program. The remaining prepaid account balance cannot be transferred back or refunded.
The price of a download of an article varies based on the plan at the time of purchase of the credits applied to that download, and is guaranteed for the term the applicable credits are valid. Additional credits may be added to a prepaid user account at any time. There are no refunds for the downloaded CEEOL articles.


The user acknowledges and agrees that Questa.Soft GmbH may, without prior notice, immediately terminate the user's authorization to use this website. Causes for such termination shall include, but are not limited to, (a) breach of these Terms and Conditions, (b) the request by law enforcement or other governmental agencies, (c) the request by the user (self-deletion), (d) the discontinuance or modification of the services provided by this website, (e) unexpected technical or security issues or problems, (f) extended periods of inactivity by the user, (g) fraudulent or illegal activities of user, and/or (h) non-payment of any fees owed in connection with the services.


This agreement shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the state of Germany, without giving effect to any principles of conflicts of law. If any provision of this agreement shall be unlawful, void, or for any reason unenforceable, then that provision shall be deemed severable from this agreement and shall not affect the validity and enforceability of any remaining provisions. This is the entire agreement between the parties relating to the subject matter herein and shall not be modified except in writing, signed by both parties.


In the event that any provision, or part thereof, of these Terms and Conditions shall be held to be invalid, illegal or unenforceable, the validity, legality and enforceability of the remaining provisions, or parts thereof, shall not in any way be affected or impaired thereby.