LOGIKA POLITYCZNYCH KONFLIKTÓW I ICH WYBORCZE
THE LOGIC OF POLITICAL CONFLICTS AND THEIR ELECTORAL MANIFESTATIONS
Author(s): Jacek Raciborski
Subject(s): Politics / Political Sciences, Social Sciences, Economy, Law, Constitution, Jurisprudence, Geography, Regional studies
Published by: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Scholar Sp. z o.o.
Keywords: elections in Poland; 2015 parliamentary elections; cleavages; political climate; the pro-PiS and anti-PiS cleavage
Summary/Abstract: The article presents the fundamental political confl icts that have structured Poles’electoral preferences in the last thirty years. The author indicates deep-seatedeconomic, social and political reasons of the confl icts. Based on Lipset and Rokkan’sclassical theory of socio-political cleavages, he states that the dynamics of Poles’electoral preferences in 1989–2020 has been shaped by three basic distinctions.In the years 1989–2001, the postcommunist cleavage had the most fundamentalimpact; in 2005–2011, the division between liberal Poland and solidary Poland cameto the fore, and in 2015–2020, voters’ political choices were determined by the enmitybetween two camps: the supporters and the opponents of the Law and Justice party(PiS). The essence of the latter cleavage is, on the one hand, a very strong identifi cationof many millions of Poles with the ruling Law and Justice, and on the other hand, anequally strong hostility towards the party evident in a similar portion of the population.
- Page Range: 433-450
- Page Count: 18
- Publication Year: 2020
- Language: Polish