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Obywatel i państwo
The State and the Citizen

Author(s): Jacek Raciborski
Subject(s): Economy
Published by: Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny w Krakowie we współpracy z Wydawnictwem Naukowym Scholar
Keywords: contemporary state; citizenship; citizen expectations towards the state; civil society; welfare state crisis

Summary/Abstract: Th e main point of the article is that the contemporary state is more powerful than ever in history, and that it derives its strength from its citizens’ high expectations regarding the quantity and quality of goods it provides. Despite many diffi culties, states satisfy the needs of their citizens – it was particularly evident at the beginning of the economic crisis in 2008. However, the strength of the state is not balanced by active citizenship or a well developed civil society. The author exposes a twofold character of civil society whose citizens associate for fundamentally diff erent reasons: a) to have an infl uence on the state’s actions and therefore to ensure its decisions are benefi cial for them, b) to fulfi ll their own needs through the association. In Poland, we can observe a serious defi cit of citizenship both on an individual level and on the level of civil society in both its forms.

  • Issue Year: 2010
  • Issue No: 12
  • Page Range: 83-96
  • Page Count: 14
  • Language: Polish