Geniu, Talent, Creativitate - o perspectivă socio-culturală. Volumul I.
Lucrările Conferinței Științifice Internaționale. Ediția a-XIII-a
Genius, talent, creativity- a socio-cultural approach. Volume I.
Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference. 13th Edition
Contributor(s): Marinela Rusu (Editor)
Subject(s): History, Social Sciences, Education, Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Psychology, Sociology
Published by: Biblioteca Ştiinţifică a Universităţii de Stat Alecu Russo
Keywords: creativity; development; contextual; facets of creation; creativitate; artă; geniu; autism; muzică Republica Moldova; aparat fonator; Dmitri Șostakovici
Summary/Abstract: Lucrările Conferinței Științifice Internaționale ”Geniu, talent, creativitate”. Ediția a-XIII-a, mai, 2022. VOLUMUL I. Coord. Marinela RUSU
- Print-ISBN-13: 978-606-685-905-9
- Page Count: 190
- Publication Year: 2022
- Language: English, Romanian
SUPRADOTAREA DIN PERSPECTIVA DEZVOLTĂRII. Atitudini și aptitudini pentru a deveni mai creativ
(GIFTEDNESS FROM A DEVELOPMENTAL PERSPECTIVE. Attitudes and skills to become more creative)
- Author(s):Marinela Rusu
- Subject(s):Social Sciences, Psychology, Individual Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Personality Psychology
- Page Range:11-22
- No. of Pages:12
- Keywords:creativity; development; contextual; facets of creation;
- Summary/Abstract:Creativity is a complex process with deep sources in the individual consciousness. This fascinating, human-specific process has been approached over time from several perspectives. In the first part of the paper we will describe the main theoretical approaches in the field of creativity, defining the concepts of "gifted", "talented", gifted. Among the most important concepts on giftedness that we will analyze, we mention: general models specific to the field, systemic models, contextual model and development model, through which specific concepts were redefined, which also led to the realization of psychometric tools. necessary for the scientific confirmation, through empirical data of the theses theoretically described. The development perspective emphasizes the idea of the possibility that some special qualities or intellectual qualities that the individual has from birth to be amplified to excellence by their contextual modeling, in the school, social or family environment. The analysis of the Model of the five facets of the creative process, proposed by Annette Moser-Wellman (2001) is part of a development perspective, in which, through individual effort, self-control and perseverance, a high level of creativity can be achieved. These new attitudes and skills refer to the ability to visualize, to develop and maintain an ever-awake curiosity, to transform mistakes into opportunities to discover and understand other levels of reality, to use past experience, analogy, imitation in a new pattern, relaxation and introspection, immersion in the beautiful aspects of the world, and the use of wise thinking, defined by simplicity. Finally, creativity is a process in which both innate qualities (endowment) and context (educational, social and historical) are involved, which define, meet, and support the manifestation and creative productivity of the individual. Additional means of individual development will always facilitate creativity and amplify it.
CREATIVITATE ȘI CONȘTIINȚĂ
(CREATIVITY AND CONSCIENCE)
- Author(s):Liviu-Adrian Măgureanu
- Subject(s):Social Sciences, Psychology, Individual Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Personality Psychology
- Page Range:23-31
- No. of Pages:9
- Keywords:consciousness; creativity; flow; unconscious;
- Summary/Abstract:This paper proposes an understanding of human creativity that calls for a new paradigm. It integrates matter and consciousness coherently. Human creativity cannot be reduced to a way of thinking. It includes diverse experiences generated by perception, feeling, thinking, intuition. Amit Goswami (former professor of physics at the University of Oregon in Eugene and author of the best-selling textbook "Quantum Mechanics") calls it the "comprehensive paradigm". It is "the science inside consciousness". The paradigm is built on the conception that the foundation of all living things is consciousness. From this perspective, creativity is fundamentally a phenomenon of consciousness expressing new possibilities. On the other hand, one way to see that ingenious solutions come from areas that are hard to reach by the conscious mind is to listen to people as they describe how ideas come to them. If we try to understand these descriptions, we see that the creative process springs from the unconscious rather than emerging as a conscious process. The person is usually in some kind of reverie or dissociative state, when the mind wanders freely and thoughts and images float uncensored. During this fluid time, the brain is probably working intensely, despite the subjective feeling of reverie and relaxation. Research in modern neuroscience tells us how the connections within oneself are made when the brain is working. They tell us 'where', but not 'how'. How can a random process eventually lead to something meaningful? How does the brain think? These are questions that are still being answered.
PARTICULARITĂȚI ALE PREOCUPĂRII PENTRU STUDIU ÎN RÂNDUL ADOLESCENȚILOR
(PARTICULARITIES OF STUDY PREOCCUPATION AMONG ADOLESCENTS)
- Author(s):Traian Hoidrag
- Subject(s):Social Sciences, Psychology, Individual Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Personality Psychology, Behaviorism
- Page Range:32-37
- No. of Pages:6
- Keywords:preoccupation for study; adolescents; addiction;
- Summary/Abstract:Preoccupation for study among adolescents is an accepted behavior, desired and even stimulated by society, whether we are referring to parents or teachers. The literature mentions multiple positive effects of involvement in the study, such as the development of memory skills, concentration, decision making and reasoning, a psychological well-being, by facilitating increased self-esteem, awareness, tolerance of rules and intellectual effort, and socially maximizes the chances of continuing studies at a reputable university or finding a better-rated job in the future. These reasons, as well as many others, still maintain this preoccupation for study among the current generation of teenagers. At the same time, there is the opinion that this preoccupation for the study, if on the one hand exceeds a certain intensity and frequency, and on the other hand if it meets certain criteria (eg: prioritizing the study over other activities, experiencing tolerance, withdrawal, intra- and interpersonal conflicts, and psycho-emotional problems) specific to addictive behaviors, would be an addiction. Therefore, paying attention to this type of behavior in adolescents, from parents and teachers, would help to identify and treat such an addiction early and prevent the occurrence of possible psychological, social and educational problems
ILUMINISMUL ȘI ARTELE
(THE ENLIGHTENMENT AND THE ARTS)
- Author(s):Eugenia Maria Paşca
- Subject(s):Fine Arts / Performing Arts, History of Art
- Page Range:38-41
- No. of Pages:4
- Keywords:arts; aesthetic vision; enlightenment;
- Summary/Abstract:The arts have accumulated forms of artistic thinking through specific language, being influenced by the fundamental aspects of the material and spiritual life of man, representing over time the evolution of his social and individual consciousness. The oldest way of human sound communication is considered by specialists to be, along with the verbal one, the musical expression. The sounds of vocal music were the first ways to make interpersonal connections. Later, along with the voice, the man used tools that mbecame musical instruments over time. In a continuous evolution and improvement of vocal and instrumental perfection, man has created a language of sounds, which knows no boundaries, being universal and understood with equal ease on all the meridians of the world. Conceptually, specialists in the fields of psychopedagogy and the arts have advocated for the inclusion of the arts in the education of children and adults. Over time, it has been found that the aesthetic ideal has influenced the pedagogical ideal, that art has played the role of the author of the human spirit and has been a fundamental means in the evolution of social life.
SEMANTICA ŞI STRUCTURA COMUNICAȚIONALĂ A LIMBAJULUI VIZUAL
(THE SEMANTICS AND COMMUNICATIVE STRUCTURE OF VISUAL LANGUAGE)
- Author(s):Mirela Ștefănescu
- Subject(s):Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Visual Arts, Aesthetics
- Page Range:42-47
- No. of Pages:6
- Keywords:semantic; aesthetics significance; compositions; interconnection;
- Summary/Abstract:The article analyzes how the meaning and composition of visual language elements, the establishing a system of relationships between them, combined with the experiences, ingenuity and personality of the artist it creates communicative representations loaded with strong aesthetic and emotional meanings. The artist, depending on his own style and his expressive intention, chooses during the creation process his type and number of technical variations in order to be able to render aesthetic, significant and intelligible emotions. The visual communication is achieved through the elements of visual language, with the plurality of combination and interpretation possibilities, so that by using metaphors and symbols, and inventive ways of conveying the message, through the particularity of compositional solutions and techniques the artwork comes to light. We will exemplify this analysis through artistic representations which highlights the creativity of artists by expressing a system of interconnection between the visual language elements.
COMMUNICATION AND RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN EDUCATOR AND FOREIGN STUDENT IN INTERCULTURAL CLASSROOM
(COMMUNICATION AND RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN EDUCATOR AND FOREIGN STUDENT IN INTERCULTURAL CLASSROOM)
- Author(s):Anna Kazakantoni
- Subject(s):Social Sciences, Education, Communication studies
- Page Range:48-54
- No. of Pages:7
- Keywords:intercultural education; communication; intercultural classroom;
- Summary/Abstract:In Greece, the composition of student population is linguistically and culturally diverse. For this reason, the Greek educational system faces many difficulties in the integration and education of these students. It is worth noting the noticeable change in the composition of students and the conversion of mono-cultural classes into multiculturalism, which has brought about administrative and institutional changes on the part of the state department, in order to keep the educational process in line with the new data. In the context of intercultural education, intercultural communication is a complex procedure. This term includes the communication between individuals or groups of different linguistic, social, cultural, ethnic, religious and educational background. It focuses on social attributes, thought patterns, and the cultures of different groups of people and also involves understanding the different cultures, languages and customs of people from other countries. Specifically, the aim of this study was to investigate the interactive relationships between educators and foreign students, the quality of their communication and interaction with each other, and any problems that make it difficult and ineffective.
THE CONTRIBUTION OF DRAMA GAMES TO CHILDREN WITH AUTISM
(THE CONTRIBUTION OF DRAMA GAMES TO CHILDREN WITH AUTISM)
- Author(s):Maria Karaiskou
- Subject(s):Social Sciences, Education, Preschool education, Inclusive Education / Inclusion, Pedagogy
- Page Range:55-61
- No. of Pages:7
- Keywords:autism; drama games; pedagogy;
- Summary/Abstract:Autism is a complex neuropsychiatric disorder that inhibits the normal development of the human body and isolates the sufferer from the rest of the world. The autism spectrum is characterized, to varying degrees, by difficulty in social interaction and social comprehension and emotional transaction, by difficulties in verbal and non-verbal communication, and by repetitive, stereotyped behaviors and activities that affect the functioning of the individual. There are many types of treatments available. The Theatrical Pedagogical program is a method that creates a dramatic environment that aims to understand reality through play, artistic creation, exploration and experiential approach. The aim of the program is the communication of the children within a group, in which develops interpersonal relationships. Communication is a key element of the theater and in this way the language ability of children is developed in a more communicative way. Drama therapy is a deliberate and scientifically used by therapeutic elements of drama to heal individuals. Therapy through drama combines different forms of art, such as dance, music and face masks. Drama therapy is a well-known, well-used approach to help people who have a wide array of conditions that interfere with their ability to interact well with others.
JEAN-PHILIPPE RAMEAU: SCIENTIFIC THINKER AND WELL-ROUNDED MUSICIAN
(JEAN-PHILIPPE RAMEAU: SCIENTIFIC THINKER AND WELL-ROUNDED MUSICIAN)
- Author(s):Rossella Marisi
- Subject(s):Social Sciences, Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Music, Philosophy of Science
- Page Range:62-68
- No. of Pages:7
- Keywords:Descartes; encyclopedists; Enlightenment; Newton; popularization of science;
- Summary/Abstract:Jean-Philippe Rameau is today best known for his endeavours as a composer for the harpsichord, but in eighteenth-century France he was considered a real genius, due to the variety of his interests in acoustics, music theory, music pedagogy, and his success as a composer of diverse music genres. This study aims to highlight the connections between some works he authored over a fifteen-year period: on the one hand, Rameau’s treatises expressing his scientific thought, such as Traité, Nouveau système, and Génération harmonique, and, on the other, his musical works reflecting his music aesthetics, such as the Piéces de clavecin and the opera Castor et Pollux.
SPORTS GIFTEDNESS - CONCEPT AND SPECIFICS
(SPORTS GIFTEDNESS - CONCEPT AND SPECIFICS)
- Author(s):Ivan Simeonov
- Subject(s):Social Sciences, Education, Sociology, Vocational Education, Sports Studies
- Page Range:69-75
- No. of Pages:6
- Keywords:sports giftedness; gifted children; definition; sport; talent;
- Summary/Abstract:Despite the good preconditions and the availability of state laws, the problem of working with gifted children and adolescents has not yet been resolved at the required level in mass pedagogical practice. Most classical and modern studies on the topic are focused on intellectual giftedness. There are tests for diagnostics and evaluation, as well as a number of development programs depending on the respective field in which the giftedness is registered. On the other hand, the existence of sports giftedness in primary school age is rather only ascertained, without affecting the question of their development. The requirement for a unified concept characterizing sports giftedness stems from the fact that in most research on talent, sports gifts are included either as part of another giftedness or are not considered at all. The derived concept will be useful both for sports pedagogues for orientation in the scientific and methodological literature on the topic, and for parents who will be able to better understand the problems and needs of their gifted child.
CIORAN, HEIDEGGER AND ADORNO – EXIT FROM THE "NOTEBOOKS"
(CIORAN, HEIDEGGER AND ADORNO – EXIT FROM THE "NOTEBOOKS")
- Author(s):Ovidiu-Marius Bocsa
- Subject(s):Philosophy, Language and Literature Studies, Studies of Literature, Philosophical Traditions, Romanian Literature, Hermeneutics
- Page Range:76-82
- No. of Pages:7
- Keywords:"Notebooks"; hermeneutic gesture; utopias; hope;
- Summary/Abstract:The gesture of leaving a given environment/milieu or an exteriorization of "interiority" and "subjectivity" is as risky as that of suicide to understand death. Forgetting, ultimate sincerity, exaltation, deconstructive memory could be quite unexpected and unwanted forms of death by anchoring in an unknown port marked by anxiety, or eviscerating an eye, that is, restricting vision, vision and creative imagination under the tyranny of the ideas. I added three individual models. "Notebooks" are a threshold, e.g. a space for intermediation, exit or entry, or stumbling. The warning in the pavilion would sound like this: We can be guided by utopias and generous ideas, but they can degrade, becoming ideologies that lead to dystopias, nihilism, disasters, frustrations and self-frustrations, regrets. "Let's leave the door open for us," Theodor W. Adorno urges us somewhere in A Message from The Bottle, that is, to leave neither hope nor the possibility of returning to ourselves, that is, after the beautiful Romanian saying of "come to our senses", to return to our (human) nature.
CREATIVITATEA ȘI TULBURAREA DE SPECTRU AUTIST
(CREATIVITY AND AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER)
- Author(s):Roxana Pleşa
- Subject(s):Social Sciences, Education, Psychology, School education, Educational Psychology, Clinical psychology, Behaviorism, Pedagogy
- Page Range:83-90
- No. of Pages:8
- Keywords:autism; creativity; disorder; behavior; therapy;
- Summary/Abstract:This paper is an analysis of the literature exploring the use of expressive arts modalities with children living with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), with a focus on emotional regulation and behavior modification. Historically, Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) has been the standard in terms of behavior modification for this population, but current research and qualitative inquiries suggested that members of this population need more support in emotional regulation and communication than ABA is able to provide. Using an intermodal artsbased method developmentally promotes social and communication abilities in children with ASD. Further, channeling stereotypic behaviors into creative flow can regulate, communicate, and increase self-worth. This was done by framing the work under the Expressive Therapies Continuum and exploring the healing properties of creativity. By allowing individuals living with ASD to create their own form of communication using multiple artistic modalities, it is believed that maladaptive behaviors could decrease, due to a child’s own realization that they are better understood. This could lead to better emotional regulation, efficacy in communication, and stronger socialization. The framework could also benefit clinicians in developing more concise and client-centered treatment plans, that meet both the client’s needs as well as the freedom to incorporate the client’s personal interests.
THE EXTRAORDINARY ABILITIES OF GIFTED CHILDREN. Genius, talent, creative skills
(THE EXTRAORDINARY ABILITIES OF GIFTED CHILDREN. Genius, talent, creative skills)
- Author(s):Liliana Georgiana Tănase, Rodica Dascălu
- Subject(s):Social Sciences, Education, Preschool education, School education
- Page Range:91-95
- No. of Pages:5
- Keywords:subversive implications; role of metacognition; philosophical reasoning; gifted children;
- Summary/Abstract:The present paper aims to familiarize with notions and concepts that belong to the phenomenon of giftedness. It deals with the complex phenomenon of giftedness, delimiting its content and scope, will be presented characteristics, theories, principles, models, forms of giftedness. A distinction must be made between genius, talent, creativity, giftedness and 'Olympians' Genius (a term little used nowadays), defined by creativity and exceptional ('epoch-making') performance in any field of scientific or artisticlife. Talent is the expression of outstanding aptitudes, psycho-sensory and/or motor qualities and abilities, trained and manifested in various fields (scientific, artistic, social, sporting, etc.); Genius is "the highest stage of human spiritual endowment, characterised by a creative activity whose results are of great significance; the person who has such an endowment". However, as this explanation does not indicate the subversive implications of the idea of genius we turn our gaze, of course, to the great philosophers of the world who have theorized and explained the problem. Advanced learning for gifted children means acquiring information from different areas. They often follow their primary interest with a zeal not found in other children their age. The result is an outstanding academic achievement and a remarkable fund of information. The conclusion is also that such children need special learning conditions.
IMPLEMENTAREA CURRICULUMULUI ȘCOLAR ÎN EDUCAȚIA PLASTICĂ PENTRU ÎNVĂȚĂMÂNTUL PRIMAR
(IMPLEMENTATION OF THE CURRICULUM in PLASTIC EDUCATION FOR PRIMARY SCHOOL)
- Author(s):Aliona Briţchi
- Subject(s):Social Sciences, Education, School education, Pedagogy
- Page Range:96-100
- No. of Pages:5
- Keywords:curriculum; artistic education; active-participatory methods;
- Summary/Abstract:The article addresses the issue of implementing the curriculum in Plastic Education for primary education. The objectives of the artistic-plastic education are enumerated, which aim at forming the capacity to perceive, to own and to use appropriately the artistic values and of the one to create artistic values in an emotional-logical way. Their realization will contribute to the cultivation of artistic taste, to the development of aesthetic sensory, emotions, feelings and artistic creativity in students. It also provides methodological and evaluation suggestions in the process of implementing curricular content. The teacher will give priority to active-participatory learning methods. By skillfully using materials and art techniques, students will be taught to apply different ways of expression: painting, graphics decorative applied art, etc
ABORDAREA CREATIVĂ A UNOR PRINCIPII DE DREPT CONFLICTUALE
(CREATIVITY IN DEALING WITH SOME CONFLICTING PRINCIPLES OF LAW)
- Author(s):Alexandru Sava
- Subject(s):Social Sciences, Law, Constitution, Jurisprudence
- Page Range:101-105
- No. of Pages:5
- Keywords:creativity; conflicting principles; interpretation; application;
- Summary/Abstract:Creativity in law has to deal with some controversial aspects. The principle of legal certainty implies that the law is stable over time, which is obtained by a certain stability of the legislation. Even though the legislator offers to the person who interprets and applies the law a certain freedom of appreciation, which implies the aptitude of creativity, the interpretation must not change the sense of the legislative act, and the spirit in which it was created. If the principles of law themselves contain some legal requirements, the effects of which become conflicting, in order to solve such situations one has to look for the legal provisions of other, connected principles, from which an order of preference may be deduced. If still no clear criteria is found, then the interpreter needs to get creative.
„DEZVOLTAREA MULTILATERALĂ” ȘI „FORMAREA OMULUI NOU” ÎN ROMÂNIA SOCIALISTĂ
("MULTILATERAL DEVELOPMENT" AND "FORMATION OF THE NEW MAN" IN COMMUNIST ROMANIA)
- Author(s):Alina Ilinca, Liviu-Marius Bejenaru
- Subject(s):History, Social Sciences, Education, Special Historiographies:, School education, History of Education, History of Communism
- Page Range:106-113
- No. of Pages:8
- Keywords:education; personal development; the new man; the developed multilateral socialist society;
- Summary/Abstract:"For someone to acquire skill and ability in a particular branch of activity, thus becoming a labor force" – said Karl Marx in Capital – "education is necessary", adding that the communist order will ensure favorable social conditions for the individual qualities of to every man not to be stifled, but to be revealed and developed through education. The expression "multilateral development", applied to both the individual and society, has become one of the most common in Marxist pedagogy or Marxist-inspired theory. The communication aims to present the "multilateral development" and "formation of the new man" during the regime of Nicolae Ceausescu, being composed of two parts. In the first part, the communication will deal with the Marxist-Leninist conception of multilateral education, which was necessary and possible in mass proportion only in the conditions of socialist and communist society. The second part will contain the conception of the Romanian Communist Party about the "multilaterally developed socialist society" and the "multilaterally developed personality" which was to be characterized by "creative spirit and the tendency towards self-improvement and self-improvement". The conclusions will aim at the fact that, in the case of communist regimes, "multilateral development" was only an ideological fiction, because, unlike the liberal regimes, in which education means emancipation and permanent creation, communist education was organized to ensure the strength of work distributed according to socialist planning, the regime emphasizing social and cultural homogenization, in order to create a "working class culture".
POTENȚIALUL CREATOR AL SUPRADOTAȚILOR
(THE CREATIVE POTENTIAL OF GENIUS)
- Author(s):Marilena Doncean
- Subject(s):Social Sciences, Education, Psychology, Individual Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Personality Psychology, Pedagogy
- Page Range:114-120
- No. of Pages:7
- Keywords:genius; talent; specialists; overdose; development; potential;
- Summary/Abstract:International studies of early maturity are today at an advanced stage of research and practical application, in the form of applied methodological programs and strategies, educational and cultural policy approaches. Psycho-pedagogical care for gifted children requires a number of conceptual clarifications such as the identification of overadotation, the typical reactions of parents and teachers to the atypical responses of highly gifted children, personalized and differentiated educational pathways, the special training of teachers for the educational and extra-school activation of highly gifted students. An equally important chapter is that of the critical aspects of the emotional development of highly gifted children. The conceptual boundaries in this area are not exactly easy. There are distinctions between the concepts of talent, precociousness, overdose and geniality, each highlighting specific features. Thus, the success of an educational program depends to a large extent on the activities of teachers. Teachers without special training in the training of highly gifted students sometimes show disinterested and even hostile toward such students. Instead, teachers who have been specially trained and experienced with highly gifted students tend to be enthusiastic and show interest in working with them (Feldhusen and Hansen, 1988). The countries that stand out through various research and analyze the different aspects of the education of highly gifted students are also those that have been most concerned with the training of specialists in various fields.
FACTORI CE DETERMINĂ EFICIENȚA ÎN PERFORMANȚA UNUI ACTOR PROFESIONIST
(FACTORS THAT DETERMINE THE EFFICIENCY IN THE PERFORMANCE OF A PROFESSIONAL ACTOR)
- Author(s):Gianina Eliza Burghelea
- Subject(s):Social Sciences, Theatre, Dance, Performing Arts, Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Psychology
- Page Range:121-126
- No. of Pages:6
- Keywords:emotional expressions; facial; vocal; bodily; emotions; acting;
- Summary/Abstract:The theatrical art, elaborated in a special way, has brought a very significant and rich psychological experience that was assembled in the pedagogy of the acting formation, in the memories and mentions of the theater people. All the emotions and emotional expressions that refer to the actor's art are reflected from a psychological point of view, with the terms that refer to the actions that highlight the self-knowledge and the mastery of the soul’s moods. The actor, like the conscious ego, identifies with his characters insofar as he adheres to them both emotionally and mentally, but at the same time "observes", that he is "someone different" from them; he is the eyewitness of what is happening at that moment. (Erving Goffman)
GENIU, TALENT ȘI CREATIVITATE
(GENIUS, TALENT AND CREATIVITY)
- Author(s):Nicuşor Bondar
- Subject(s):Social Sciences, Education, Psychology
- Page Range:127-135
- No. of Pages:9
- Keywords:talent; genius; giftedness; gifted education;
- Summary/Abstract:Creativity is described as the act of changing ideas into reality. The main goal of this article is to present the most important aspects of creativity by defining talent, genius and creative aptitudes, outlining the stages of creative process, different conceptual approaches of creativity and the factors that contributes to her development. The outcome of creativity in gifted children is inventiveness, innovation, social and cultural change, political development and economic progress. Education has an important key role to play in creative development as much as specialized programs. Development of a properly adjusted environment, a socioemotional climate have a decisive impact and influence the creativity. The importance of creativity it`s closely related to big social and economic trends.
BERNARD GUI, UN INCHIZITOR DE GENIU?
(BERNARD GUI, A GENIUS INQUISITOR?)
- Author(s):Mihai Floroaia
- Subject(s):History, Local History / Microhistory, Political history, Theology and Religion, 13th to 14th Centuries
- Page Range:136-144
- No. of Pages:9
- Keywords:inquisitor; sentences; works; order;
- Summary/Abstract:Of the dozens of inquisitors that France had, the most illustrious image remained that of Bernard Gui (1261-1331), "a temperate, wise, modest, cultured man, a good speaker, deeply religious," according to the Scriptores Ordinis Praedicatorum. Born in 1261 in La Royère, he joined the monastic life and was converted to monasticism in 1275 at the Dominican Monastery of Limoges, where he found his resting place in 1331. Between 1280 and 1290 he studied in Provence. He took courses in logic and philosophy, after which he studied theology at the monastic schools of Montpellier and Toulouse. After completing his studies, he was appointed lecturer at the Limoges Monastery, then lecturer at Albi and Carcassonne. On August 4, 1302, Gui received the title of general preacher. At the age of 45 he was appointed inquisitor of Toulouse, a position he will hold for 17 years (1307-1323). As an inquisitor, he was very active. Historians who painted Bernard Gui's portrait insisted on his intellectual qualities. Sébastien Michaelis characterized him as "vir doctissimus", Jean-Jacques Percin emphasized his moral qualities as inquisitor „meritissimus” and bishop "dignissimus", and Jacques Echard saw him as "vir sua artate de republica litteraria ecclesiastica bene meritus". From the conclusions of his clergyman, Fr. Petrus Sicardi, it turns out that Bernard Gui had an exemplary life, fulfilling responsibly all the functions he held. He impressed with his oratorical and writing talent. In 1879, Léopold Deliste inventoried the works of Bernard Gui: The Practice of the Office Inquisitionis haereticae pravitatis (1324), A Brief History of Gaul, The Genealogy of the Kings of France and the Origin of This Kingdom, The Lives of some Bishops of the Holy Church of Toulouse, The Sentences of the Inquisition of Toulouse.
DINASTIILE DE MUZICIENI DIN REPUBLICA MOLDOVA
(DYNASTIES OF MUSICIANS FROM THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDAVIA)
- Author(s):Aurelia Simion
- Subject(s):History, Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Cultural history, Music
- Page Range:145-152
- No. of Pages:8
- Keywords:family; musicians; performing activity;
- Summary/Abstract:Although the meaning of the word dynasty refers to a family whose members "inherit the succession to the leadership of a state" (DEX), the second explanation is "a succession of personalities of the same family." In this case I would make a difference between dynasty, whose members succeed each other for at least three generations and families whose members are brothers, parents and children, uncles and grandchildren, cousins, etc., so they are part of the same generation or two respectively. Many families of musicians are known in the history of music whose contribution through their talent, mastery and devotion occupies an important place in the evolution of the art of sounds such as: Couperin, Bach, Hartmann, Stamitz, Kozeluch, Strauss etc. In Romania there are known families of musicians such as Caudella, Dumitrescu, Mandisevschi, Burada, Wachmann, Gheorghiu, etc. In the Republic of Moldova, through the personal contribution to the composition and performing arts, the Neaga, Bivol, Rusnac, Buinovschi families stood out. The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of the members of the Caftanat, Pocitari, Botgos, Ștefaneț, Advahov dynasties, to note the plurivalence and main features of their art activity and to analyze the similarities and differences between families, while synthesizing the information obtained. The text will contain brief biographical details about each one, the focus being, however, on the important achievements of the most representative members.
RROMII - CASTĂ, RASĂ, CLASĂ
(RROMA - CAST, RACE, CLASS)
- Author(s):Vasile Ionescu
- Subject(s):Philosophy, Ethics / Practical Philosophy, Aesthetics, Ethnohistory, Theology and Religion
- Page Range:153-160
- No. of Pages:8
- Keywords:myth; religion; freedom; rational man; sociable man;
- Summary/Abstract:Considering human definitions as mere speculations without content, Ernst Cassirer considers superfluous the assertion so old that man would be a political zoon, a sociable and rational animal. Beyond his physical or metaphysical dimension, man is a "symbolic animal", through his work, identifiable in the ethics and aesthetics of his Freedom, through cultural creation and production (languages, myths, religions, arts and sciences, etc.), considers Cassirer. As Freedom is itself a difficult concept to define, closer to the continuous action dimension of Freedom is Liberation, as a continuous evolution towards human progress, within human societies / civilizations / cultures.
DMITRI ȘOSTAKOVICI ȘI CREAȚIA SA. PREZENTARE GENERALĂ
(DMITRI ȘOSTAKOVICI AND HIS CREATION. GENERAL PRESENTATION)
- Author(s):Sebastian Vîrtosu
- Subject(s):History, Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Cultural history, Music, Recent History (1900 till today)
- Page Range:161-167
- No. of Pages:7
- Keywords:Dmitri Shostakovich's musical creation; twentieth century; musical orientations and currents;
- Summary/Abstract:According to the spirit of the age (zeitgeist) in the musical art of the twentieth century are shown the searches, the innovations brought and the constant struggle of the pioneers against the tradition of the old masters. Atonalism, for example, was promoted as a reaction to the tonal system considered obsolete, unable to satisfactorily reflect the new features of modern society. Serialism is, without a doubt, the most faithful expression or mirror of the industrialized, automated society, of the entry of machinery into people's lives, robotizing, and finally, dehumanizing the human being. Serialism, by the unchanging order of the string of notes in the musical composition, strongly suggests the inflexibility and automatism of the machines started with the industrial revolution. Dodecaphonism reflects the strong socialist and communist egalitarian movements. Just as all men were to be equal in rights, so the 12 notes in a range had an equal right to manifest themselves in full, and any of them could be the concluding center of a composition. There was no such thing as tonalism. If the center was, for example, the D major, the work could only be completed on the re note, not on any of the twelve notes. Slowly but surely, each new current will generate more and more ruptures, destroying the unity of tradition in smaller and smaller parts, thus reflecting the atomization of modern society, in hundreds and thousands of social groups, professional, cultural, or religious. From this perspective, we intend to present a brief summary of Dmitri Shostakovich's creation.
FIZIOLOGIA ȘI FUNCȚIONALITATEA APARATULUI FONATOR
(PHYSIOLOGY AND FUNCTIONALITY OF THE PHONATOR APPARATUS)
- Author(s):Cosmin Grigore Marcovici
- Subject(s):Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Music
- Page Range:168-173
- No. of Pages:6
- Keywords:human voice; vocal timbre; mechanism phonato;
- Summary/Abstract:The human voice is a true miracle that lives in the human body, the most important, the most beautiful and the most perfect instrument created by nature, an instrument that cannot be matched, a true treasure that must be treated with great care and respect. The human voice is one of the biggest puzzles, and this is primarily due to the fact that we can not see its origin at the time of formation or the trajectory insideus. The stamp of the human voice is one of the elements that mark the unique identity of the individual, it is the one that can reveal human characters, behaviors, feelings, desires, anxieties, depressions, emotions and has the ability to enchant, to seduce, to stimulate, to critique or create characters. The more delicate the natural voice, the more assiduous will be the work and the preoccupation to keep its original freshness, because the sung voice develops, is cultivated through study and can acquire new valences and qualities.
(THE ARCHETYPE OF THE CREATOR)
- Author(s):Elena Negoiţă
- Subject(s):Social Sciences, Psychology, Personality Psychology
- Page Range:174-182
- No. of Pages:9
- Keywords:archetype; creator; talent; intelligence;
- Summary/Abstract:In his theory, Howard Gardner states the fact that humans possess a mosaic of intelligence. In the organization of every human being’s personality, the verbal-linguistic, logical-mathematical, naturalistic, musical-rhythmic, corporal-kinesthetic, visual-spatial, interpersonal and intrapersonal intelligences build a combinatorial structure in varying proportions. Conditioned by the genetic material inherited from their ancestors, gifted with a mixture of intelligences, blessed with certain talents and modeled by the sociocultural environment in which they live, every human has the possibility to demonstrate their skills to others. Although the social environment has been unfavorable to them, their actions have not been fully understood by their contemporaries, even though critics judged them by the patterns of those times, and the mentalities of simple individuals were refractory to innovation, and yet the talents of the creative people were remarkably valued. Despite the obstacles posed by the envious, against material deprivation and health problems, those who subscribe to the archetype of the Creator managed to become famous, as they believed in their inner strength, they persevered in work, and they submitted to a way of live which was characterized by rigorous discipline, absolutely necessary for their personal mastery and mission. Chico Xavier, Gustav Klimt, Coco Chanel, Constantin Brâncuși excelled, as they exercised their many intelligences and they followed their dreams, their ideals and the thread of Ariadne, who took them out of the labyrinth of anonymity. Despite the financial shortcomings they went through, the familial and sentimental problems, the creativity and talents of the artists came out victorious, right into the center light, making our world more beautiful.
EXPOZIȚIA CA FORMAT ARTISTIC PLURIDISCIPLINAR.
(THE EXHIBITION AS A MULTIDISCIPLINARY ARTISTIC FORMAT.)
- Author(s):Cătălin Soreanu
- Subject(s):Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Visual Arts
- Page Range:183-190
- No. of Pages:8
- Keywords:exhibitions; interdisciplinarity; visual arts;
- Summary/Abstract:The present research aims to analyze the thematic structure and mediatic diversity of a segment of case studies based on the exhibition activities in the Aparte Gallery of "George Enescu" National University of the Arts in Iasi, respectively artistic projects made by students, professors or guest artists at the Faculty of Visual Arts and Design, in the last 15 years, projects seen as ways to channel nowadays intergenerational educational efforts. Beyond the variety of artistic formats that include exhibitions, workshops, conferences, symposia, and artistic residencies, these creative events encourage the experimentation and interdisciplinary artistic research of young artists within the Faculty of Visual Arts and Design or from the local, national and international art scene. The purpose of this article is to relate the thematic diversity of these formats of artistic events, with the institutional context of university and contemporary art education, marked by specific searches for new artistic medius, adaptation to digital culture and today’s economic and social realities.