Defensor civitatis (Protector of Citizens) in Illyricum Cover Image

Defensor civitatis (заштитник грађана) у Илирику
Defensor civitatis (Protector of Citizens) in Illyricum

Author(s): Samir Aličić
Subject(s): History of Law
Published by: Правни факултет Универзитета у Источном Сарајеву
Keywords: Roman law;Dominate;Defensor civitatis;Ombudsman;Protector of citizens;
Summary/Abstract: This work is dedicated to late-roman institution called defensor civitatis (protector of citizens). It was a public official whose primary role was to protect citizens from abuses by both municipal (local) and state authorities, which influenced the development of modern institutes such as the Ombudsman and the like. The paper also draws attention to a little known fact that the institute was first established in Illyria, which roughly corresponds to today's Western Balkans, and the former Yugoslavia, from where it was later extended to the whole Empire. The author analyzes the circumstances and reasons for, and the way of creating the institution of defensor civitatis, and its further functioning.