How did the First World War influence the situation of the Hungarian Women? Cover Image

Miként befolyásolta a nők magyarországi helyzetét az első világháború?
How did the First World War influence the situation of the Hungarian Women?

Author(s): Balázs Sipos
Subject(s): Cultural history, Political history, Social history, Gender history, Pre-WW I & WW I (1900 -1919), Interwar Period (1920 - 1939)
Published by: Eötvös Loránd Tudományegyetem, Új-és Jelenkori Egyetemes Történeti Tanszék
Keywords: emancipation of women; women’s rights; new women hybridities; right wing feminism; Christian national frames;
Summary/Abstract: The Hungarian society was modernized after 1867 as a consequence of the economical prosperity and the liberal political atmosphere. The first period of the emancipation of women started in the same decades of the 19th century. The process of this emancipation became powerful during the Great War because of the mobilization of the whole society when the women replaced the men on the home front. In the short period of the bourgeois republic of 1918 the women could enjoy civic and political rights from the right to vote to the right to study at all faculties in the same conditions as men. First the so called Christian and national counterrevolutionary political regime gave voting right to women in 1919 too but it restricted the opportunities of women’s education in the next year and also restricted the female voting right in 1922. Despite of those facts the fight for emancipation of women was continued by right wing and/or conservative female societies and hybrid types of women: they promoted the Christian and national regime on the one hand and wanted to got the same or similar rights as men on the other hand. So we can call them right wing feminists. And it needs to be mentioned the bourgeois feminists who changed their vocabulary and used the right wing and national frames in the political communication.

  • Page Range: 591-606
  • Page Count: 16
  • Publication Year: 2015
  • Language: Hungarian