They who retreated in 1945 Cover Image
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Oni su 1945. odstupili
They who retreated in 1945

How 1945 was experienced by individuals who fled Bosnia and Herzegovina – for example, the city of Gračanica

Author(s): Omer Hamzić
Subject(s): History, Local History / Microhistory, Military history, Recent History (1900 till today), Special Historiographies:, WW II and following years (1940 - 1949), History of Communism, Historical revisionism, Fascism, Nazism and WW II
Published by: Institut za istoriju
Summary/Abstract: This work attempts to clarify the complex and loaded meanings behind the phrase “They who retreated in 1945,“ which is still used in the Gračanica area. First, Hamzić explains the concept of “retreat.” After establishing the truth of the fates of the individuals who fall in this category, he works to demystify them. He notes that while there is little need to rehabilitate these people today, there is a historical need to understand them. Indeed, when we analyze this category, the question of liberation and occupation in April and May 1945 seems redundant. Hamzić analyzes the people and goals behind the “fabrication” of this term and the purpose it served. He concludes that it is imperative to clarify this debate because it continues to effect Bosnian families today.

  • Page Range: 101-109
  • Page Count: 9
  • Publication Year: 2006
  • Language: Bosnian