Res Admirabilae: Lithuanian Reception of the Pre-critical Philosophy of I. Kant Cover Image

Res Admirabilae: Lietuviškoji Ikikritinės I. Kanto Filosofijos Recepcija
Res Admirabilae: Lithuanian Reception of the Pre-critical Philosophy of I. Kant

Author(s): Dalius Viliunas
Subject(s): Metaphysics, Epistemology, Early Modern Philosophy, German Idealism, Philosophy of Religion
Published by: Visuomeninė organizacija »LOGOS«
Keywords: The Enlightenment in Lithuania; pre-critical philosophy of I. Kant; theologian Wolffianism;

Summary/Abstract: This article attempts to give arguments for the hypothesis that the Lithuanian priest of piars Kazimieras Narbutas (1738–1807) was the philosopher, who had the honour of being the first in the East, and maybe the whole Europe, to receive and criticize the pre-critical thinking of Immanuel Kant. In 1765, in his course of philosophy at the Collegium of piars in Dąbrowicy, Narbutas criticized the concept of substance suggested by „metaphysician Cantzius“. A person named as „Cantzius“ could have been either Immanuel Kant, or theologian Gottlieb Israel Canz. Objecting to the position of S. Tunaitis, two arguments are developed in my article: the person, who was referred to by Narbutas, couldn’t have been Canz, since the latter was a representative of the theological Wolffianism. This philosophical position is close to that of Narbutas himself. Narbutas’ concept of the essence of the substance is the same as that of School of Wolff. Canz couldn’t have delivered the concept of substance which were opposite to that of School of Wolff. The second argument states, that the principle propositions (and their consequentials) of Kant provided in his work of 1755 Principorum primorum cognitionis metaphysicae nova dilucidatio could be attributed to the position of „metaphysician Cantzius“ on the substance, attributes and the goals of God, which had been questioned by Narbutas. This parallel provides us with an opportunity to state, that Narbutas directly or indirectly had been acquainted with the above mentioned work of Kant and that the person, referred to in the text of Narbutas, is nobody but Kant, who has been dealing with metaphysical matters at that time.

  • Issue Year: 2009
  • Issue No: 61
  • Page Range: 13-21
  • Page Count: 9
  • Language: Lithuanian