The main goal of this work is to study the current state of professional training in different industries of Ukraine and enterprises of different ownership. One of the main improve the competitiveness of staff is a professional training (training, retraining and professional development).
Based on the analysis of statistical data of the State Statistics Service of Ukraine, as of today, the current status of vocational training in the enterprises of Ukraine can be analyzed by following its components: 1. Training of employees, which in turn was examined by the following criteria: - by economic activity. During the period from 2009 to 2013. the number of people who have undergone training decreased by 5.9%, but as a percentage of the total number of full-time employees, this figure has remained unchanged, indicating that the overall decrease in the number of employees; - by region. In 2013, the largest number of people who have undergone training observed in Donetsk and Dnepropetrovsk regions, which can be explained, firstly, the fact that these regions are among the largest in the country on the existing population. Second, they are the most industrialized areas; - the place of study. It was noted that training takes place mainly in the production (in 2013 enrolled in the production of 73% of the total), which is quite a mixed trend; - by gender. Thus, the more prepared male workers (78% in 2013) than women. 2. Advanced training for employees, were considered: - by economic activity. During the period from 2009 to 2013. the number of people who have undergone training increased by 14.7%, as a percentage of the total number of full-time employees, this figure increased by only 1.6%, indicating a general decrease in the number of employees; - by professional groups, with each year the number of specialists is, improve the skills that may be associated with an increase in the role of intellectual labor in the production process; - by gender, in 2013 in the total of persons raised their qualifications 55.3% are men. However, each of the selected criteria has some limitations, they cannot cover the whole field of vocational training in the enterprises of Ukraine, however, in their totality, and these indicators can reflect its true level.
Thus, analyzing the main indicators that can allow evaluating the current state of vocational training in enterprises in Ukraine, it was found that almost all of them are experiencing an increase; however, this increase is not sufficient to boost the competitiveness of the workforce in the labor market. Therefore, in the process of market reforms is necessary to study the motivational mechanisms that will facilitate the desire of employees to participate in lifelong learning, enhance their knowledge and skills.