The Crime of Genocide in Srebrenica in European Parliament Resolutions and Other International Acts Cover Image

Zločin genocida u Srebrenici u rezolucijama Evropskog parlamenta i drugim međunarodnim aktima
The Crime of Genocide in Srebrenica in European Parliament Resolutions and Other International Acts

Author(s): Hoda Dedić
Subject(s): Criminal Law, International Law, Local History / Microhistory, Studies in violence and power, Victimology, Transformation Period (1990 - 2010)
Published by: Institut za istraživanje zločina protiv čovječnosti i međunarodnog prava Univerziteta u Sarajevu
Keywords: genocide; Srebrenica; Resolution; European Parliament; Congress; United States of America; United Nations;
Summary/Abstract: The Srebrenica genocide committed in July 1995 by the Army of the Republika Srpska is the largest mass crime committed in Europe since the Holocaust in World War II. In their verdicts, the Srebrenica massacre was condemned as a crime of genocide by both the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia and the International Court of Justice in a case concerning the application of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide. During the few days of the massacre after the fall of Srebrenica, which the United Nations Security Council, by its Resolution no. 819 of 16 April 1993 declared a protected zone, more than 8,000 Muslim men and boys were executed, while almost 30,000 women, children and elderly were forcibly expelled in a huge-scale ethnic cleansing campaign. Radovan Karadžić, a former politician who served as the President of Republika Srpska was in March 2019 convicted of genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes. Earlier, in November 2017, the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia found the wartime commander of the Republika Srpska Army, Ratko Mladić, guilty and sentenced him to life in prison for genocide and crimes against humanity. The European Parliament has adopted several resolutions on Srebrenica. On the occasion of the 20th anniversary of the genocide in Srebrenica, the House of Representatives of the United States Congress unanimously adopted the Resolution on Srebrenica. On the occasion of the 25th anniversary of the Srebrenica genocide, the Unied States Congress adopted a Resolution condemning the genocide and other crimes against Bosniaks committed by Serb forces in Srebrenica in July 1995, and in May 2020 the European Parliament adopted a Resolution on the importance of European remembrance for the future of Europe. This paper will analyze the resolutions of the European Parliament on the Srebrenica commemoration, as well as other international sources on the crime of genocide committed in the UN protected zone in Srebrenica.