Author(s): Viorel Ordeanu, Benoni Andronic, Lucia Elena Ionescu
Subject(s): Politics / Political Sciences, Politics, Public Administration, Developing nations, Geopolitics, Peace and Conflict Studies
Published by: Carol I National Defence University Publishing House
Keywords: water; hydropolitics; water conflicts; war for water; areas of conflict; survival.
Summary/Abstract: The role of water is so important in all practical aspects of life, then the need to control water resources is a mandatory condition for mankind, that has and will always lead to conflicts and even war, be it declared or not, for water. Conflicts have been a constant throughout history, as well as the regulations for water access, all these may be shortly named politics of water – hydropolitics. Fresh water is a limited natural resource, and the growing demand for this resources may be the cause of conflict escalation and wars, as it is the case for oil. The availability of drinking water per capita is inadequate and insufficient on a global scale. The spread of water on the planet is not equal, considering geographical area, season and historical period, which poses a potential threat for the relations between people, nations, countries and alliances. The history of conflicts for water is old and when the political and diplomatic means fail, wars for water can emerge.