Saveznička vojna uprava u Puli 1945 -1947.
The Allied Military Government in Pula 1945-1947
Author(s): Darko Dukovski
Subject(s): Military history, Political history, Government/Political systems, WW II and following years (1940 - 1949), Geopolitics, Peace and Conflict Studies
Published by: Institut za noviju istoriju Srbije
Keywords: History of Istria 1945-1947; Allied Military Government; History;
Summary/Abstract: The Allied Military Government in the Zone A of Venezia Giulia that existed between mid-June 1945 and mid-September 1947 was an occupation formation of the Allied army whose primary aim was to stop the Yugoslav military and political penetration (and annexation) in the territories that formally had belonged to the Kingdom of Italy but that were earmarked to be united with their mother countries (Slovenia and Croatia) in political documents of the Partisan movement, so as to prevent the Peace Conference from facing a fait accompli. Another, no less important goal was social and economic. The Allied Military Government was to prevent the humanitarian catastrophe and to restore the economy at least to some degree and enable it to provide for the population. To be sure, it was also necessary to prevent anarchy and lawlessness immediately after the war. It is questionable to what degree it succeeded in performing these tasks. It did manage to prevent the more violent consequences of political frictions, but not the process of mass emigration, primarily of Italian town population, as well as the change of the town’s geo-political status. The fact that the Allied Military Government was the butt of criticism of both the pro-Yugoslav and the pro-Italian political forces, testifies that it strove to do its job in good faith, to stay neutral and abide by the agreements that had been signed as much as it was possible with regard to the conflict-laden political situation among the former allies.
- Page Range: 403-447
- Page Count: 45
- Publication Year: 2016
- Language: Croatian