Glimpses of the portrait of hired workers in the cifliks in 17th - mid 18th century Cover Image
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Щрихи от портрета на наемните работници в чифлиците от XVII - средата на XVIII век
Glimpses of the portrait of hired workers in the cifliks in 17th - mid 18th century

Author(s): Stefka Parveva
Subject(s): History, Anthropology, Social Sciences, Law, Constitution, Jurisprudence, Cultural history, Civil Law, Sociology, Comparative history, Economic history, Ethnohistory, Modern Age, Special Historiographies:, Culture and social structure , Social development, Social differentiation, Family and social welfare, Demography and human biology, Rural and urban sociology, Economic development, Environmental interactions, 17th Century, 18th Century, The Ottoman Empire, Social Norms / Social Control
Published by: Издателска къща "Гутенберг"
Keywords: hired labor; class division; history; ottoman empire; Balkan history;
Summary/Abstract: The paper aims to add some elements to the portrait of hired workers (ter oglani, irgat) or share croppers (ortakci) in the askeri cifliks. The inheritance documents of several men and one woman who had died in the cifliks present a rare opportunity to examine aspects of the life of this category of people. The inheritance inventories (terke/ muhalleft defters) of these people were registered in the kadi court registers of the towns of Sofia, Vidin and Ruscuk (mod. Rousse). The first part of the paper analyses the main elements of the contractual relations between ciflik owners and the people they had hired and taxation of the workers. The second part of the paper examines some aspects of the portrait of these workers, based on a structural analysis of inheritance inventories of their representatives, who were either peasants or town dwellers.