Un Contributions to the Recognition and Guarantee of the Right to a Healthy and Ecologically Balanced Environment Cover Image

Contribuțiile ONU la recunoașterea și garantarea dreptului la un mediu sănătos și echilibrat ecologic
Un Contributions to the Recognition and Guarantee of the Right to a Healthy and Ecologically Balanced Environment

Author(s): Mircea M. Duțu-Buzura
Subject(s): International Law
Published by: Universul Juridic
Keywords: The Right to The Environment; The Duty to Protect The Environment; Stockholm Declaration; Rio Declaration; UN Resolutions; The Impact of Climate Change on Human Rights;
Summary/Abstract: On the basis and following of the Declaration of 10 December 1948 under the auspices of the UN, a number of international documents have been initiated and adopted which have contributed to the establishment of international human rights law. Since the 1972 Stockholm Declaration (which in principle 1 proclaims the fundamental right to live in a quality environment and the solemn duty to protect and improve it) and continuing with the 1992 Rio Declaration (which refers to the “right to a healthy life”) and with recent resolutions, the organization has paid particular attention to recognizing and guaranteeing the right to a healthy and environmentally balanced environment. An important stage of this process in the universal recognition of such a right is resolutions no. 48/13 of the Human Rights Council of 8 October 2021 and no. 76/300 of the UN General Assembly of 28 July 2022 “The right to a clean, healthy and sustainable environment ”. Currently, under the influence and contribution of the onusian system, seven international conventions formally recognize such a right. A special rapporteur was set up in 2021 on the impact of climate change on human rights. UN regulations have played an important role in recognizing and guaranteeing the fundamental right to the environment at regional level and in a national context, including in Romania.

  • Page Range: 51-61
  • Page Count: 11
  • Publication Year: 2024
  • Language: Romanian