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A contrastive perspective on figurative language
A contrastive perspective on figurative language

Contributor(s): Paulina Biały (Editor), Marcin Kuczok (Editor), Marcin Zabawa (Editor)
Subject(s): Language and Literature Studies, Theoretical Linguistics
Published by: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Śląskiego
Summary/Abstract: In recent decades, linguistics has witnessed a rising interest in figurative language. The inspiration for this kind of research may be connected to the rise and development of cognitive semantics, which has made metaphor one of its key notions. George Lakoff and Mark Johnson, in their seminal work titled Metaphors We Live By (1980, modified and republished in 2003), denied the conviction that figurative speech is an aberration or anomaly that speakers use only in a limited number of special contexts. Lakoff and Johnson postulated that metaphor, together with metonymy, are actually pervasive ways of thinking and common cognitive tools that motivate a remarkable amount of our language (2003/1980: 3). Their findings have been developed by numerous authors, who have contributed to the Conceptual Metaphor Theory with both empirical research into various languages, as well as elaborations on the theoretical issues.1 Furthermore, it has been observed that metaphors and metonymies may vary among languages: the ways speakers use non-literal language is not universal, but to a large extent it depends on the culture, including the background of the speaker, or the specific context of language use (Kövecses 2005: 292–294). The aim of this volume is to present various examples of research into figurative language from the cross-linguistic perspective. However, first, we want to focus on the notion of figurative language as such, and notice how its understanding in linguistics has changed over the past decades. Next, we will focus on the cross-linguistic research into figurative language in contemporary linguistics. Finally, the topics undertaken in the subsequent chapters of this volume will be shortly presented and discussed. (fragment of introduction)

  • E-ISBN-13: 978-83-226-3589-6
  • Print-ISBN-13: 978-83-226-3588-9
  • Page Count: 178
  • Publication Year: 2019
  • Language: English
Conceptual metaphor as a mechanism behind figurative sense extensions of the spatial preposition at and its Polish equivalents

Conceptual metaphor as a mechanism behind figurative sense extensions of the spatial preposition at and its Polish equivalents
(Conceptual metaphor as a mechanism behind figurative sense extensions of the spatial preposition at and its Polish equivalents)

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Shared schemas for English and Polish prepositions. The case of for and its Polish equivalents

Shared schemas for English and Polish prepositions. The case of for and its Polish equivalents
(Shared schemas for English and Polish prepositions. The case of for and its Polish equivalents)

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Gender peculiarities rendered in standard and slang terms

Gender peculiarities rendered in standard and slang terms
(Gender peculiarities rendered in standard and slang terms)

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Conceptual prominence and anaphora in English and French referential metonymy

Conceptual prominence and anaphora in English and French referential metonymy
(Conceptual prominence and anaphora in English and French referential metonymy)

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Beyond the literal and the figurative: Translation of metaphors in surrealist poetry and postmodern fiction

Beyond the literal and the figurative: Translation of metaphors in surrealist poetry and postmodern fiction
(Beyond the literal and the figurative: Translation of metaphors in surrealist poetry and postmodern fiction)

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A metaphostructional analysis of sports terms in the context of business

A metaphostructional analysis of sports terms in the context of business
(A metaphostructional analysis of sports terms in the context of business)

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Figurative meanings on the lexical levels of phonic and signed languages: A (nearly) perfect fit

Figurative meanings on the lexical levels of phonic and signed languages: A (nearly) perfect fit
(Figurative meanings on the lexical levels of phonic and signed languages: A (nearly) perfect fit)

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On dogs, cows, and donkeys: The use of animal metaphors in linguistic insults

On dogs, cows, and donkeys: The use of animal metaphors in linguistic insults
(On dogs, cows, and donkeys: The use of animal metaphors in linguistic insults)

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Impoliteness in Polish and English computer-mediated communication

Impoliteness in Polish and English computer-mediated communication
(Impoliteness in Polish and English computer-mediated communication)

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