1995-2015 - Women and Political Life in Post-Dayton Bosnia and Herzegovina
1995-2015 - Women and Political Life in Post-Dayton Bosnia and Herzegovina
Contributor(s): Maida Zagorac (Editor), Marina Veličković (Translator), Saša Gavrić (Editor)
Subject(s): Politics / Political Sciences, Politics, History, Social Sciences, Gender Studies, Law, Constitution, Jurisprudence, Civil Law, Human Rights and Humanitarian Law, Sociology, Recent History (1900 till today), Government/Political systems, International relations/trade, Social differentiation, Transformation Period (1990 - 2010), Present Times (2010 - today)
Published by: Sarajevo Open Centre
Keywords: women; political life; BiH; dayton accords; war; politics; activism; Bejing conference; post-war; elections; gender policy; law; gender equality; parliament; FBiH;
Summary/Abstract: (English edition) While working on improving our program and portfolio on women’s human rights we quickly realized the absence of a detailed and visible account of “women’s” history in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Although there are a significant number of publications and several activist initiatives that address certain fragments of history and explore events, periods of time, and regions, there is currently no exhaustive institutional account of women in Bosnia, nor are attempts being made to create one. The academic community has unfortunately failed in this area. The history of women and their contribution to public life remains at the margins of academic inquiry. The Sarajevo Open Centre published the book Women Documented: Women and Public Life in Bosnia and Herzegovina in the 20th Century. The book was edited by Jasmina Čaušević, a program coordinator at the Sarajevo Open Centre, in cooperation with ten authors. Through publishing this book, the Sarajevo Open Centre and our partner organizations wanted to celebrate the centenary of the First World War in a different way. It was precisely the work on Women Documented that revealed to us the need for further work exploring women’s history in Bosnia and Herzegovina. We hope that our (virtual) museum of women’s history in Bosnia will eventually be institutionalized in Bosnian society. In November and December 2015, we will commemorate the 20-year anniversary of the Dayton Peace Accords – the international agreement that brought peace to Bosnia and Herzegovina and laid the foundations for the long and grueling process of peace-making and trust-building. The Dayton Peace Process was, as this book will demonstrate, a classic example of male politics. The commemoration will, again, be dominated by men – Bosnian and Herzegovinian and world leaders. We decided to conduct this research and publish this book to challenge the male-dominated approach to memory. This publication aims to offer systematic insight into the role played by women in political life. Our goal is to offer a better understanding and a concise overview of political life over the past 20 years, based on the stories of a number of women - activists, politicians and institutional leaders - with the hope that it will inspire other authors to explore BiH political history during this period of time. Since this aspect of history is particularly under-researched, the very process of gathering information was challenging and so we welcome constructive criticism, comments, and suggestions for improvement and enrichment of this text. I would like to thank Marina, Arijana and Edita, who accepted to work with the Sarajevo Open Centre on this project. I would also like to thank my colleague Maida Zagorac, who has helped me immensely with her excellent oversight of both the technical and the substantive aspects of this text. I also owe thanks to the Embassy of Swiss Confederation in Bosnia and Herzegovina for supporting our work and the research of women’s history in Bosnia and Herzegovinian.
- Print-ISBN-13: 978-9958-536-42-7
- Page Count: 97
- Publication Year: 2015
- Language: English
- Author(s):Author Not Specified
- Subject(s):Politics, Gender Studies, Government/Political systems
- Page Range:14-15
- No. of Pages:2
- Keywords:women; political life; BiH; Dayton accords;
- Summary/Abstract:14th December 2015 marks the 20th anniversary of the signing of the Dayton Peace Accords (DPA, Dayton, or the Accords). This book analyses the period of war in Bosnia which shaped the Dayton Peace Accords, and subsequently the period of peace in Bosnia which was shaped by the Accords, through the prism of gender equality. The central theme of the book is the role of women in political life in Bosnia and Herzegovina during the war and during the period of peace that followed. Fifteen women who contributed to political life in Bosnia and Herzegovina through their work and activism during this period were interviewed in July 2015. Their experience, knowledge, and perseverance are what made progress in the field of Bosnian female politics possible.
1992-1995: FROM THE ROAD TO WAR TO THE ROAD TO PEACE
(1992-1995: FROM THE ROAD TO WAR TO THE ROAD TO PEACE)
- Author(s):Marina Veličković
- Subject(s):Politics, Gender Studies, Recent History (1900 till today), Government/Political systems, International relations/trade, Transformation Period (1990 - 2010)
- Page Range:16-36
- No. of Pages:21
- Keywords:women; political life; BiH; Dayton accords; NGO reports; Conference on Women in Beijing;
- Summary/Abstract:The focus of this chapter will be on the period of war in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Wartime events will be reconstructed from the stories of the women interviewed for this book, newspaper articles from the period between 1992 and 1995, NGO reports, and other publications from this time. The chapter aims to present war from a different and, until now, invisible perspective in which women are the main actors. The first half of the chapter will cover the war itself; the period between 1992 and 1995; and the female members of government, political parties, and the armed forces, and women activists. The second half of the chapter will offer an insight into two key events of 1995 – the Fourth Conference on Women in Beijing, and the Dayton Peace Accords.
1995-2003: POST-DAYTON STRUGGLE FOR EQUALITY
(1995-2003: POST-DAYTON STRUGGLE FOR EQUALITY)
- Author(s):Arijana Aganović
- Subject(s):Politics, Gender Studies, Human Rights and Humanitarian Law, Political history, Recent History (1900 till today), Government/Political systems, International relations/trade, Transformation Period (1990 - 2010)
- Page Range:37-58
- No. of Pages:22
- Keywords:women; political life; BiH; Dayton accords; post war period; equality;
- Summary/Abstract:This chapter covers women’s participation in the political processes and public life in Bosnia and Herzegovina in the period between the signing of the Dayton Peace Accords and the adoption of the Gender Equality Law in 2003. These two events will offer a temporal framework for the following chapter. The signing of the Accords marked the future of political life in Bosnia and Herzegovina while the adoption of the Gender Equality Law marked a turning point in the process of establishment of institutional mechanisms for combating gender inequality.
2003-2015: THE ERA OF GENDER EQUALITY MECHANISMS
(2003-2015: THE ERA OF GENDER EQUALITY MECHANISMS)
- Author(s):Edita Miftari
- Subject(s):Politics, Gender Studies, Law, Constitution, Jurisprudence, Civil Law, Human Rights and Humanitarian Law, Recent History (1900 till today), Government/Political systems, Social differentiation, Transformation Period (1990 - 2010), Present Times (2010 - today)
- Page Range:59-95
- No. of Pages:37
- Keywords:women; political life; BiH; post-Dayton; gender equality; mechanisms; law;
- Summary/Abstract:This chapter covers women’s politics and activism in the period between the adoption of the Gender Equality Law in 2003 and 2015, when this chapter was written. The Gender Equality Law is seen as a turning point for the political participation of women in BiH, primarily because it demanded the harmonization of other laws, including the Electoral Law, with the 40% gender quota it introduced. Another key moment for women’s organizations was the formation of The Club of Women Parliamentarians FBiH in 2013. This chapter will elaborate on the challenges and obstacles the women in the Federal Parliament faced during the implementation of this initiative. The chapter will also discuss the role of women in the Executive since recent years have seen an increase in the number of posts held by women at all levels of the BiH government. The internal organization of political parties will also be discussed, specifically – the role women play in the decisionmaking bodies of their chosen political parties. In its conclusion, this chapter will present the emerging female politicians who represent the future of women’s politics in BiH.
- Author(s):Saša Gavrić
- Subject(s):Politics, Gender Studies, Government/Political systems, Transformation Period (1990 - 2010), Present Times (2010 - today)
- Page Range:96-97
- No. of Pages:2
- Keywords:women; political life; BiH; Dayton accords; post-Dayton; gender equality; conclusion;
- Summary/Abstract:Looking at the developments over the last 25 years, one can reasonably ask the question: have we achieved gender equality in political life in Bosnia and Herzegovina? The glass-half-empty crowd could simply declare the last 25 years an absolute debacle. A woman was never the President of BiH, nor was a woman ever the Prime Minister of the Council of Ministers BiH, nor was there a single woman president of a major political party. Politics has stayed the male domain. On the other hand, the glass-half-full group could point out the progress we made. The 3% rate of representation in the early 1990s climbed to over 20%. Women are slowly but surely winning posts and they are ever more present in political life, the Government, and the parties.