125 YEARS FROM THE INAUGURATION OF THE BRIDGE

125 DE ANI DE LA INAUGURAREA PODULUI "REGELE CAROL I" PESTE DUNĂRE, DE LA CERNAVODĂ
125 YEARS FROM THE INAUGURATION OF THE BRIDGE "KING CHARLES I-ST" OVER THE DANUBE, AT CERNAVODA

Author(s): George M. CROITORU
Subject(s): National Economy, Economic history, Source Material, Transport / Logistics
Published by: Editura Academiei Române
Keywords: metal bridge; cantilever beams; mild steel; caisson;

Summary/Abstract: The complex of bridges and viaducts of the Fetești - Cernavodă railway was inaugurated on 1895, September 14, has a total length of 4087.95m and was the longest continental Europe’s bridge, also the third longest in the world at the time. The ”King Carol I” railway bridge, over Danube from Cernavodă, is the representative construction of this complex. The designer and chief engineer of the construction of the bridge and viaducts complex is the engineer Anghel Saligny (18541925), professor at the National School of Bridges and Roads in Bucharest, the most important personality in the Romanian history of civil engineering. The bridge is cantilever type, it has five openings (a central opening of 190m and four current openings of 140m each) with a total length of 750m. The most important innovations in this structure included the use of mild steel for the bridge deck and new system of cantilever beams (Gerber beams) for the suprastructure. The total length of a cantilever beam is 240m. This bridge is one of the representative constructions in Romania, being classified as an architectural monument of national interest.

  • Issue Year: XIX/2020
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 251-277
  • Page Count: 26
  • Language: Romanian