Some cultural appearance related to religious privileges of settlements in the seven counties of Transylvania from beginning to 1526 (Mohacs) Cover Image
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Câteva aspecte culturale legate de privilegiile religioase ale aşezărilor urbane din cele şapte comitate ale Transilvaniei, de la începuturi până la M
Some cultural appearance related to religious privileges of settlements in the seven counties of Transylvania from beginning to 1526 (Mohacs)

Author(s): Enikő Rusz-Fogarasi
Subject(s): History
Published by: Editura Academiei Române
Keywords: Transylvania; religious privileges; settlements; medieval towns

Summary/Abstract: The privileges granted to urban localities may be extremely variate, touching at every aspect of urban life, ranging from the economic, political, juridical, military to the ecclesiastic fields. These rights and exemptions have stimulated the development of towns and thus have contributed to their welfare. The more extended the privileges, the ampler the opportunities to promote culture. Our approach attempts at formulating, and, at best, at answering a series of questions related to the ecclesiastic privileges of urban localities. Consequently, as a result of our research we may conclude that: 1. on the urban communities of the seven Transylvanian counties the institution of patronage did not exist; 2. what Transylvanian localities could gain at best was under-patronage, but only Transylvanian Saxon settlements managed to gain such rights. Under-patronage consisted in the right to freely elect the plebanus, the free tithe, the parish´s exemption from the jurisdiction of the metropolitan and bishop. Among the aforementioned rights, the urban localities of the seven Transylvanian counties enjoyed only the right to freely elect the plebanus. Ecclesiastic privileges granted to Transylvanian urban localities did not rise to the level of those granted to the Transylvanian Saxon deaneries or to parishes located in other areas of medieval Hungary. Nevertheless, the free election of the priest and plebanus in certain parishes reveals a certain degree of freedom enjoyed by the respective community, manifested not only in the right to recommend their own candidate for confirmation to the ecclesiastic authorities, but also in the authorization to administrate the revenues of their own parish. As urban localities in the seven Transylvanian counties were not granted the right to patronage certain developments in the field of culture were not due to ecclesiastic privileges, but to other significant factors, such as political or economic evolutions

  • Issue Year: VII/1999
  • Issue No: 1+2
  • Page Range: 77-87
  • Page Count: 11
  • Language: Romanian