Organized Spontaneous “Transfers”? The Role of the Central State Organs in “Evacuating” the German Population, May to September 1945 (3. part) Cover Image

Organizované divoké odsuny? Úloha ústředních státních orgánů při provádění „evakuace“ německého obyvatelstva (květen až září 1945) (3. část)
Organized Spontaneous “Transfers”? The Role of the Central State Organs in “Evacuating” the German Population, May to September 1945 (3. part)

Author(s): Adrian von Arburg, Tomáš Staněk
Subject(s): History
Published by: Ústav pro soudobé dějiny AV ČR
Keywords: Czechoslovakia; Czechoslovak government; Bohemian National Committee in Prague; Moravian National Committee in Brno;

Summary/Abstract: 3. část: Snaha vlády a civilních úřadů o řízení „divokého odsunu“ Part 3: The Attempt by the Government and Civilian Authorities to Manage the “Wild Transfer” This long article is based on a large number of records that were till now either underused by scholars or completely unknown to them. Its aim is to outline the current state of what we know about the role of the top-level Czechoslovak authorities in the first phase of the mass deportations of Germans from the Bohemian Lands. The core of the problem, argue the authors, turns out to be how to determine the extent played in initiating and carrying out the expulsions in 1945 by, on the one hand, local “spontaneous,” uncoordinated activity, not directly run by the central authorities, and, on the other, the instructions and orders of the central state organs. Which infl uences were ultimately decisive in each of the particular cases and in the overall process? Each act or event, as it appears in the records cannot, however, be clearly classifi ed according to the criterion of “central” versus “decentralized” or “local.” Among the actors in positions of infl uence one can distinguish different degrees and forms of responsibility, which were, among other things, manifested in the binding instructions, verbal incitements, more or less conscious acts rationalized by a whole range of arguments presented at the time, the formulating, pushing through, or at least acceptance or tolerance of the various standpoints and measures that were implemented.

  • Issue Year: XIII/2006
  • Issue No: 03-04
  • Page Range: 321-376
  • Page Count: 56
  • Language: Czech