Political Vision at the Peace Conference: The Serbs and the Banat by Zenovie Păclişanu Cover Image

Imaginar politic la Conferința de Pace: Sârbii şi Banatul de Zenovie Păclişanu
Political Vision at the Peace Conference: The Serbs and the Banat by Zenovie Păclişanu

Author(s): Carmen Albert
Subject(s): History, Recent History (1900 till today), Interwar Period (1920 - 1939), WW II and following years (1940 - 1949)
Published by: Editura Altip
Keywords: Peace Conference; Zenovie Păclişanu; border; Yugoslavia; historical arguments;

Summary/Abstract: For the Peace Conference at the end of the Second World War, the preparations had begun in 1939, under the coordination of Mihai Antonescu. The establishment of the Peace Bureau within the Program for the preparation of the documentary information and propaganda material for the Peace Conference, played an essential role in bringing together the diplomats, politicians and scientists, to recover the Romanian territories lost in the meantime. The study considers the contribution of the political elite to the accomplishment of this national project with European reverberations, one of its illustrious representatives being the historian and theologian Zenovie Păclişanu. Its presence was felt both in the functioning of the co-ordination committees and in the middle of the action as author of memoirs. A study prepared by Zenovie Păclişanu named The Serbs and the Banat probably in 1941-1942, is concentrated the issue of revising the border between Yugoslavia and Romania, the responses Romanian mission had to give Serbian claims, in the peace negotiations. Essentially study contains opposing arguments the theses made by Serbian historians Iovan Radonici and Grigorie Iacşici, published in French and English, according to which the eastern plain of Romanian Banat, to be given to Yugoslavia for various reasons, that Zenovie Păclişanu structured in ethnic, historical, economic, moral and military criteria. The ethnic criterion referred to the number and proportion of the Serbian and Romanian population in the territory claimed by Yugoslavia. Serbian Statistics illustrate a large number of Serbs comparative the Romanians. Zenovie Păclişanu nuanced issue showing that, Serbs are a majority only in Biserica Albă and Cuvin, only that they could claim. From a historical point of view, Serbs claim that Romanians were not in the fifteenth century when they constituted the Serbien despot, being mentioned only in the 19th century. 18th century, and the existence of Serbian Vojvodina and Banat of Temeschwar was based on the preponderance and importance of Serbs in the Austrian empire. Economic Serbs demands are justified by the need to have arable land, as the population was much more numerous than before 1919, and morally criteria because the great culture and state people originated in the area of the Banat claimed. From a military point of view, the annexation of the Plain Banat would greatly help by creating the line of defence of Belgrade and the valley of Morava. Zenovie Păclişanu rejects all the theses of Serbian historians, the argumentation he used proves a solid historical culture and diplomatic skills.

  • Issue Year: 2018
  • Issue No: 9
  • Page Range: 271-278
  • Page Count: 8
  • Language: Romanian