D-r Boris Abramovich Oks (1851–1926) Cover Image
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Д-р Борис Аврамович Окс (1851–1926)
D-r Boris Abramovich Oks (1851–1926)

Author(s): Dimitar Stavrev, Georgi Rusev Marinov
Subject(s): History, Social Sciences, History of ideas, Social history, Modern Age, 19th Century
Published by: Балканска асоциация по история и философия на медицината (БАИФМ)
Keywords: Oks; history of medicine; immunizations; medical literature; medical associations

Summary/Abstract: Boris Abramovich Oks was born in 1851, in the village of Grigoriopol, region of Kamenets-Podolskaya, Ukraine (nowadays Moldova). He studied medicine in Würzburg, Zürich, and Heidelberg. In 1878, he defended a dissertation with the title of ‘Sleep and dreams’ at the University of Heidelberg and was awarded the doctor title. Later on he worked in the Town Hospital of Odessa. In 1880, he published together with Dr. O. O. Machutkovskiy their paper on the medical applications of hypnosis. In the period 1881–1887 dr. Oks lived and worked in Bulgaria. He established the first Institute for the production of anti-smallpox vaccine in the town of Razgrad and was active in its distribution and application. This Institute was the second one of its type in Europe. Half a million adults and children got vaccinated by using of its products. In 1883, Dr. Boris A. Oks initiated the creation of the medical society in Varna which was the first professional medical sociaty in Bulgaria. In 1884, he started the publication of the first medical journal in Bulgaria entitled ‘Zdravie’ (i. e. health) in Varna. In 1887, he returned to Russia where he established a specialized private institute for the treatment of smallpox. Besides he was involved in research and publishing activity. The work of dr. Oks is alive in Bulgaria. The city of Razgrad is the center of the pharmaceutical industry, and the street in the city of Varna is named Boris Oks.

  • Issue Year: XIII/2017
  • Issue No: 01
  • Page Range: 54-61
  • Page Count: 8
  • Language: Bulgarian