“Why did they, who had suffered so much and endured,
had to die?” The Jewish victims of armed violence in
Podhale (1945–1947) Cover Image
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“Why did they, who had suffered so much and endured, had to die?” The Jewish victims of armed violence in Podhale (1945–1947)
“Why did they, who had suffered so much and endured, had to die?” The Jewish victims of armed violence in Podhale (1945–1947)

Author(s): Karolina Panz
Subject(s): Special Historiographies:, History of Antisemitism
Published by: Stowarzyszenie Centrum Badań nad Zagładą Żydów & IFiS PAN
Keywords: post-war period; Polish Tatra Podhale; anti-Jewish violence; murders of Jews; Jewish orphanages; anti-communist partisans; Józef ‘Ogień’ Kuraś

Summary/Abstract: This article discusses the armed anti-Jewish violence and the events connected with it, which occurred in the Polish Tatra Highlands (southern Poland) during1945–1947. The number of Jewish victims exceeded thirty, including children from Jewish orphanages. Among the perpetrators of those acts of terror were partisans from the group commanded by Józef Kuraś ‘Ogień’ – one of the most important symbols of anti-communist resistance. This article is a results of several years of research and is based on highly diverse sources. Its main purpose is to recreate those events, with particular attention given to the victims of those acts of violence.

  • Issue Year: 2017
  • Issue No: 4
  • Page Range: 148-211
  • Page Count: 64
  • Language: English