Changes in the polish countryside in the years 1918–1989 Cover Image

Przemiany polskiej wsi w latach 1918–1989
Changes in the polish countryside in the years 1918–1989

Author(s): Małgorzata Machałek
Subject(s): Cultural history, Agriculture, Regional Geography, Economic history, Interwar Period (1920 - 1939), Post-War period (1950 - 1989), Socio-Economic Research
Published by: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu Mikołaja Kopernika
Keywords: Polish countryside; Western and Middle Poland; State Agricultural Farm;

Summary/Abstract: In the prewar period problems of Polish countryside were fragmentation and overpopulation. In spite of the land reform the farms were mainly smaller than 5 hectares and the peasants practiced the extensive farming. Only the part of bigger farms, mainly in Western and Middle Poland, was modern. The Great Depression led to 66% agricultural goods prices drop and it lasted until 1945. The Polish countryside during the World War II suffered enormous material and demographic loss. After the end of the war the radical land reform was introduced, which deepened agricultural fragmentation. Some part of the land remained in government’s possession and were transformed into State Agricultural Farm (Państwowe Gospodarstwo Rolne, PGR). The area of this farms were extended systematically, particularly in the western and northern Poland’s areas. In 1948 the government started to collectivize the countryside.

  • Issue Year: 26/2013
  • Issue No: 3
  • Page Range: 55-80
  • Page Count: 26
  • Language: Polish