W sprawie agresji krzyżackiej na dobra kościelne w Łęczycy, Uniejowie i Sieradzu w 1331 r. w świetle akt procesu polsko-krzyżackiego z 1339 r.
In the question of The Order of the Teutonic Knights’ invasion of church goods in Łęczyca, Uniejów and Sieradz in 1331 according to the suit bills between The Kingdom of Poland and The Order of the Teutonic Knights in 1339
Subject(s): History of Church(es), Military history, Social history, 13th to 14th Centuries
Published by: Wyższe Seminarium Duchowne w Łodzi
Keywords: Teutonic aggression; history of Łęczyca; Sieradz and Uniejów;
Summary/Abstract: In 1331 Władysław Łokietek (the king of Poland) was at war with The Order of the Teutonic Knights. Łęczyca, Sieradz, Uniejów and nearby districts were invaded by The Order of the Teutonic Knights on September 1331. In the beginning of 1338 the new king Kazimierz sued the Teutonic Knights for the occupation of Gdańsk Pomerania, Chełmno Land, Michałów Land, Dobrzyń Land and Kujavia. The greatest part of this suit took place in Warsaw and Uniejów in 1339. The evidence from this lawsuit has been edited in 1896 and it is known as Lites ac res gestae inter Polonos Ordinemque Cruciferorum. This publication turned out to be the main source of knowledge on the Teutonic Knights’ invasion. In this article the author used following articles of accusation: XXI, XXII, XXIII. The main issue of this article is to investigate the testimonies which provide information involving the invasion of the Kingdom of Poland. The testimonies reveal a wide range of war damages carried out by the Teutonic Knights. The Order of the Teutonic Knights robbed a lot of chalices, missals, ledgers, liturgical vestments and crosses. In addition to this the Teutonic Knights set fire to churches and castles. They murdered local population and raped women. The testimonies seem to be credible, seeing as among them are the accounts of witnesses who belonged to the Teutonic Knights’ units.
- Issue Year: 22/2013
- Issue No: 1
- Page Range: 45-51
- Page Count: 7
- Language: Polish