Attitudes and Contributions of the Members of the Voluntary League of Women, 1918–1922 Cover Image

Członkinie Ochotniczej Legii kobiet – ich postawy i zasługi w Latach 1918–1922
Attitudes and Contributions of the Members of the Voluntary League of Women, 1918–1922

Author(s): Anna Marcinkiewicz-Kaczmarczyk
Subject(s): Gender Studies, Military history, Pre-WW I & WW I (1900 -1919), Interwar Period (1920 - 1939)
Published by: Wydawnictwo Naukowe GRADO
Keywords: World War I; Polish-Soviet War; Polish-Ukrainian War; Volunteer Legion Women’s; military service women;

Summary/Abstract: Ochotnicza Liga Kobiet was the first regular military formation feminine on Polish soil, which was created in 1918. During the Polish-Ukrainian struggle for Lwów. A year later, during the Polish-Soviet War, he founded OLK 2 in Vilnius. The growing threat of the Soviet Union meant that in 1920. Formation was reorganized and in August this year took part in the Battle of Warsaw. Portrait collective members OLK both representatives of the officers, as usual serial – Sentinel, courier or administrative workers. For obvious reasons, the most famous were the first of these, which often continued its operations after the termination of formation – in the interwar period, and later during World War II. Tese include the, the initiator and founder of OLK – Lt.-Col. Aleksandra Zagorska, see. Wanda Gertz – commander of the Legion of Vilnius, Sec. Irena Jędrychowska – Battalion commander OLK in Poznan, Sec. Maria Chojecka – battalion commander campaign administrative OLK in Warsaw, Lieutenant. Halina Kowalska – commander OLK branch in Grudziądz.A large part of the representatives of officers OLK was educated and came from landowning families or intellectual, where the cultivated tradition of independence. Tey were also often involved in the work of independence before the outbreak of World War I, and thus represented by patriotic attitudes they have been shaped before joining OLK. As a result, in the course of military service, they were characterized by a special commitment and often were successful. Their achievements were appreciated by giving them badges and managerial functions. It is worth noting that the decorations and received praise not only representatives of the officers, but also non commissioned officers or serial, which were also exemplary soldiers.In conclusion, we can say that the period of operation of OLK was an important step in the military participation of women, and even though the formation was liquidated, gained by its members experience became a vehicle for the development of the movement of military training of women in the interwar period.

  • Issue Year: 4/2016
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 7-23
  • Page Count: 17
  • Language: Polish