The Gospel According to Mark as the Message of the Realised Kingdom of God Cover Image

Ewangelia Marka przesłaniem o królestwie zrealizowanym
The Gospel According to Mark as the Message of the Realised Kingdom of God

Author(s): Andrzej Kowalczyk
Subject(s): Christian Theology and Religion, Theology and Religion
Published by: Gdańskie Seminarium Duchowne, Kuria Metropolitalna Gdańska
Keywords: The Gospel according to Saint Mark; Literary genre of the Gospel of Mark; the assumptions of the Gospel of Mark; the editorial work of Mark

Summary/Abstract: Although the works of the evangelists about Jesus are all named “gospels”, each of them has a different literary genre: Matthew writes the history of the new Exodus, Luke writes the history of the messianic work of salvation, while Mark, who called his work “The Gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God” (Mk 1,1), writes the message of the coming and the inauguration of the kingdom of God. The theme of the inauguration of the kingdom is found by Mark in Matt. and the Book of Consolation in Is 40-55. The term “the kingdom” is found in the gospels in two significations: as the kingdom of the present era, and as the kingdom of the future era. The kingdom in this first signification is especially emphasized by Mark; he removed many texts about the future kingdom. Why? Probably he is under the influence of the Book of Consolation as well as of the letters of Saint Paul. He recognizes that centring on the kingdom which is present is more conductive to the reception of the gospel by the Gentiles. It is not the purpose of this article to present the synoptic problem, but it is worth commenting briefly on this theme. The differences between Matt. and Mark are usually explained by saying that Matthew took over the Gospel of Mark, but changed its composition and added many of his own texts to it. Many think that it is not possible that important texts of Matthew were removed by Mark and its beautiful composition changed by him. Biblical scholars try to explain the difference between Mt and Mk by the differences in their sources. These attempts at explanation do not lead to justified conclusions. The synoptic problem is the result of the editorial work of the evangelists; it is the result of differences with regard to the literary genre as well as to freedom in the use of the sources by the evangelists.

  • Issue Year: 2017
  • Issue No: 40
  • Page Range: 17-33
  • Page Count: 17
  • Language: Polish