BETWEEN “RESISTANCE TO CIVILIZATION” AND “ESSENTIAL FREEDOM.”  SHIFTS IN THE CULTURAL REPRESENTATIONS OF ROMANI IDENTITY FROM ENLIGHTENMENT TO ROMANTICISM Cover Image
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BETWEEN “RESISTANCE TO CIVILIZATION” AND “ESSENTIAL FREEDOM.” SHIFTS IN THE CULTURAL REPRESENTATIONS OF ROMANI IDENTITY FROM ENLIGHTENMENT TO ROMANTICISM
BETWEEN “RESISTANCE TO CIVILIZATION” AND “ESSENTIAL FREEDOM.” SHIFTS IN THE CULTURAL REPRESENTATIONS OF ROMANI IDENTITY FROM ENLIGHTENMENT TO ROMANTICISM

Author(s): CIPRIAN TUDOR
Subject(s): Methodology and research technology
Published by: Editura Fundaţiei România de Mâine
Keywords: Enlightenment; Romanticism; history of ideas; cultural studies

Summary/Abstract: The article explores the way in which European Modernity generates a set of conflicting representations of Roma people, both in collective mentalities and in the elevated cultural narratives. The common topic of these representations and literary constructs is an assumed essential freedom of the “Gypsy” way of living, which, on the one hand, gives rise to scholarly anthropological concerns in the Age of Enlightenment and, on the other hand, ignites the literary imagination in Romanticism. From the vilifying discourse of the early anthropologists in the Enlightenment to the idealizing narrative of Romanticists, the topics of “essential freedom” and “resistance to civilization” encompass all the modern European representations and cultural fabrications on Roma people. The article highlights a significant moment in the process of emergence of this imagological oxymoron: the transition from a rather antiziganistic scholarly perspective (promoted by the first anthropologists and linguists who showed an interest in the Roma people) to a somewhat philoziganist Romanticist cultural milieu, which glorified the noble savage.

  • Issue Year: 18/2017
  • Issue No: 2
  • Page Range: 60-73
  • Page Count: 14
  • Language: English