Adjective formant -asy (-‘asy) as an example of a word-formative peripheral archaism Cover Image

Przymiotnikowy formant -asy (-̓asy) jako przykład słowotwórczego archaizmu peryferycznego
Adjective formant -asy (-‘asy) as an example of a word-formative peripheral archaism

Author(s): Irena Jaros
Subject(s): Language and Literature Studies, Applied Linguistics, Lexis, Semantics, Western Slavic Languages, Philology
Published by: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Warmińsko-Mazurskiego w Olsztynie
Keywords: linguistics; dialectology; word-formation; adjective; peripheral archaism

Summary/Abstract: The author presents a formant -asy (-‘asy) creating names of colours, e.g. białasy,czerwonasy, szarasy, żółtasy, that existed in the old Polish language until the second part ofthe 18th century. These are adjectival derivatives whose meaning is related to a partial orweakened feature defined in the word-formation base. In the Polish dialects derivatives wereformed with the help of a formant -asy not only from adjectives naming colours e.g. burasy,modrasy, posiwasy, but also from those naming flavours e.g. słodkasy, physical characteristicsof objects e.g. mokrasy, przydługasy, and negative features of living beings e.g. głuptasy,ubogasy, starasy. The author indicates their geographical range - north, south and insulareastern peripheries of Polish lingual area – on the basis of the data taken from publishedsources. The appearance of derivatives with a morpheme -as- created from an adjectivebiały, that originate from other Slavonic languages, suggest that the morpheme was knownin the whole Slavic territory. The persistence of the formant -asy in the old Polish languageand Polish dialects makes our ethno-lingual area the example of peripheral territory wherethe innovation occurred in the connectivity of the mentioned suffix with basic adjectivesof various meaning.

  • Issue Year: 18/2016
  • Issue No: 4
  • Page Range: 51-64
  • Page Count: 14
  • Language: Polish