Semantic and associative motivation of regional names of manners of action Cover Image

Semantyczna a asocjacyjna motywacja ludowych nazw środków czynności
Semantic and associative motivation of regional names of manners of action

Author(s): Irena Jaros
Subject(s): Language and Literature Studies
Published by: Łódzkie Towarzystwo Naukowe

Summary/Abstract: The article presents examples of complex regional names of manners of action with semantic and associative relation of motivational type to their root words. Basing on these examples there is presented a phenomenon of motivational change of derivatives initially semantic and moving them to a group of associative derivatives. Among words which have become associative derivatives there are mainly derivatives which: 1. because of the formal reinterpretation broke their meaning relationship with genetic root and are either currently motivated by words representing non-definitional property of their meaning, e.g. praska ‘a tool used for pressing cheese’ or are based on comparison, e.g. talerzówka ‘a type of a harrow (having a cut in a form of plates); 2. by broadening of denotation are motivated by words being a part of a wider notion making up a definition, e.g. ręcznik ‘a piece of fabric used for drying one’s body after washing (including also hands)’; 3. are motivated by outdated words, stylistically marked, which indeed represent definition properties; however, are not currently expressions of certain meanings, e.g. warznica ‘a dish used for cooking (boiling) washed clothes’.

  • Issue Year: 2008
  • Issue No: 53
  • Page Range: 117-127
  • Page Count: 6
  • Language: Polish