The Catholic Church in Alba Iulia during the Communist Era Cover Image

A gyulafehérvári katolikus egyház a kommunizmus idején
The Catholic Church in Alba Iulia during the Communist Era

Author(s): József Marton
Subject(s): History
Published by: Institutul Teologic Romano-Catolic Alba Iulia
Keywords: Communism; the Catholic Church; Aaron Martin; bishop; clergy; seminars.

Summary/Abstract: The year 1948 was the one of the complete settle in the Romanian Republic. Behind the fast-moving political events can easily be felt the atheistic propaganda and the anti-religious stance. The religious groups, churches this year had to decide whether they make compromises for their survival or they remain on the side of intransigence against the communist propaganda. The Catholic Church was offered no options at all as the imposed laws and regulations already contained unacceptable conditions. However, the option of becoming part of the national-church was offered that would certainly lead to self-destruction. The Communist government in 1948 asked for the preparation of a document containing organizational and operational rules (Statute) from several religious groups and churches. It was well known already that this Statute would become law in a few months and would be the legal background for persecution of the Catholic Church. The Catholic Church, although the 2nd largest Church in Romania after the Orthodox - in lack of an organizational and operational Statute, was placed outside the law, only tolerated during the communist era. Even so, only tolerated by the state it was not exempted from state supervision. Anyway the Catholic Church, without a Statute received less favorable judgment than the other ones.

  • Issue Year: 15/2012
  • Issue No: 2
  • Page Range: 57-85
  • Page Count: 29
  • Language: Hungarian