Izručenja i sudbine zarobljenika smještenih u savezničkim logorima u svibnju 1945.
Author(s): Martina Grahek Ravančić
THE EXTRADITION AND FATE OF PRISONERS DETAINED IN ALLIED CAMPS IN MAY 1945
Published by: Hrvatski institut za povijest
Keywords: Second World War; prisoners of war; forced repatriation; camps; victims; Western Allies
Summary/Abstract: This work analyzes the fate of refugees who after the end of the Second World War, withdrawing toward the west, succeeded in avoiding capture by Yugoslav Army units and were handed over to the Western Allies to be placed in Allied camps in Austria. Even though, according to the initial agreements between the American and the British the common position was taken that these forces should be taken over as a whole, complicating the situation “in the field,” the decision was nonetheless made to hand them over. This text attempts to review the reasons that led to this change in official policy, as well as the size of the forces handed over. These questions have still not been answered satisfactorily, neither in the domestic nor foreign literature, while additional limitations render new sources non-existent or inaccessible. Thus, the answers to these questions are hidden somewhere between the political agreements reached even before the end of military operations, the operational situation on the territory of Carinthia, and the no less important orders issued on the basis of international wartime humanitarian rights.
- Issue Year: 41/2009
- Issue No: 2
- Page Range: 391-416
- Page Count: 26
- Language: Croatian