Трансграничната мобилност на работната сила в ЕС: демо¬графски и социално-икономически измерения за България
Cross-border Labour Mobility in the EU: Demographic and Socio-economic Dimensions for Bulgaria
Subject(s): Social Sciences, Sociology, Demography and human biology, Migration Studies, Ethnic Minorities Studies, Globalization
Published by: Институт за изследване на населението и човека - Българска академия на науките
Keywords: demographic and labor potential; migration; labor market in the European Union; social security.
Summary/Abstract: Movement of people between EU Member States constitutes external migration for each Member State; however, when migration happens within the European Union, it is defined as mobility. Predominantly, it involves economically active population, whose migration is employment-related. This article covers the subject of cross-border movement of workers from and to Bulgaria between EU Member States. Special emphasis is placed on the specifics of this mobility, which define the size and structure of emigration from and immigration to Bulgaria in recent years. In general, de jure and de facto rights and opportunities of Bulgarian citizens in other EU countries and those of EU citizens in Bulgaria are equal and reciprocal. Those rights are linked with guaranteed rights to freedom of movement, training and qualification, and social security for the respective workers and their families. The single market of workforce in the European Union operates within fast-developing migration processes in the world, especially in recent years. The long-term demographic and economic consequences for Bulgaria and changes in its potential for development are presented in that context, with respective considerations of the necessary and viable policies in the new political, economic and social realities.
- Issue Year: 2015
- Issue No: 2
- Page Range: 56-72
- Page Count: 17
- Language: Bulgarian