Kalam Cosmological Argument Cover Image

Kalam kosmološki argument
Kalam Cosmological Argument

Author(s): Drago Đurić
Subject(s): Philosophy
Published by: Institut za filozofiju i društvenu teoriju
Keywords: world; eternity; potential infinity; actual infinity; islam; kalam theology

Summary/Abstract: In this paper it will be presented polemics about kalam cosmological argu­ ment developed in medieval islamic theology and philosophy. Main moments of that polemics was presented for a centuries earlier in Philoponus criticism of Aristotle’s thesis that the world is eternal, and of impossibilty of actual infinity. Philoponus ac­ cepts the thesis that actual infinity is impossible, but he thinks that, exactly because of that, world cannot be eternal. Namely, according to Philoponus, something can­ not come into being if its existence requires the preexistence of an infinite number of other things, one arising out of the other. Philoponus and his fellowers in medi­ eval islamic theology (Al-Kindi and Al-Ghazali), called kalam theologians, have offered arguments against the conception of a temporally infinite universe, under­ stood as a succesive causal chain. On other side, medieval islamic thinkers, called falasifah /philosophers/ or aristotelians (Al-Farabi, Avicenna, and Averroës), have offered arguments in favor of Aristotele’s conception of the eternity of the universe. Decisive problem in disccusion between kalam i falsafa medieval muslim thinkers was the problem of infinity. They have offered very interesting arguments and coun­ terarguments about concept of infinity. In this paper it will be presented some of the crucial moments of that arguments.

  • Issue Year: 22/2011
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 29-51
  • Page Count: 23
  • Language: Serbian