Russian liberals and the issue of education in the early 20th century Cover Image

Российские либералы и проблема просвещения в начале XX века
Russian liberals and the issue of education in the early 20th century

Author(s): Edward Wiśniewski
Subject(s): History
Published by: Instytut Historii UJK - Filia w Piotrkowie Trybunalskim
Keywords: Russia; history; education

Summary/Abstract: The article deals with the educational reform in Russia in the ear-ly 20th century. This issue appeared among the suggestions from the liberals for changes that should be introduced in the country. It be-came the subject of disputes at meetings and congresses of progressive manorial and municipal activists. Demands for changes in education were articulated by such people as: Alexander Stachovich, Fyodor Rodychev, Count Peter Heyden, Alexander Vasilyev and Prince Nicholas Volkonsky. As a result, on September 15th 1905, at the congress of manorial and municipal activists in Moscow, a resolution was passed that later became the model for educational programmes proposed by liberal parties formed after the Manifesto of October 17th (30th) 1905 had been declared by Tsar Nicholas II. The resolution proclaimed among other things the necessity of introducing common education free of charge with extended curriculum for the primary school, increased number of secondary schools to match the needs of the society, autonomy of universities and other higher education institutions, equal access to higher education for women and men, freedom of academic lectures, and development of technical and vocational education.

  • Issue Year: 16/2015
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 9-18
  • Page Count: 10
  • Language: Russian