The Role of the Magazine “Pioniri” in Upbringing and Education of Children in Yugoslavia 1944-1951 Cover Image

Улога часописа „Пионири“ у васпитању и образовању деце у Југославији 1944–1951.
The Role of the Magazine “Pioniri” in Upbringing and Education of Children in Yugoslavia 1944-1951

Author(s): Ivan S. Hofman
Subject(s): History
Published by: Udruženje za društvenu istoriju
Keywords: magazine "Pioneers"; the revolutionary war; the first fifth-anual plan; children's literature; socialist realism; Soviet Union; United States; Branko Ćopić; Mira Alečković

Summary/Abstract: The magazine “Pioniri” (Pioneers) was published by the Central Committee of the United Alliance of the Anti-Fascist Youth of Serbia (USAOS), for school children in Yugoslavia and it carried out the guidelines of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia (CPY) about the arts and education. The dominant themes were war and revolution, implementation of the first Five Year Plan, USSR as a role model and USA and the West as the world of evil. The reality was represented in Manichaean manner: on one side there is a world of Good, which builds socialism, and on the other side is the rest. USSR was represented as the land of justice and equality, the leader in the fields of arts, education, science and technology, while the USA is the land of injustice, class, racial and all other inequalities, where the benefits of the civilisation are available to a small number of brutal exploiters. Along with changes in CPY policy by the end of 1949 and the beginning of 1950, the contents and the tone of the representation of the reality in “Pioniri” magazine were changed. A text about Serbian medieval art and Anglo-American adventure stories were published. Donald Duck emerged. However, since the liberalization was only a reflex of CPY’s temporary political needs, “Pioniri” continued to strictly carry out party politics in the field of education of children.

  • Issue Year: 2013
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 55-75
  • Page Count: 21
  • Language: Serbian
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