AMERICAN TROOPS IN MONTENEGRO IN 1918-1919 Cover Image
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АМЕРИЧКЕ ТРУПЕ У ЦРНОЈ ГОРИ 1918-1919. ГОДИНЕ
AMERICAN TROOPS IN MONTENEGRO IN 1918-1919

Author(s): Dragoljub Živojinović
Subject(s): History
Published by: Историјски институт Црне Горe
Keywords: American troops; truce with Austria-Hungary; Italian- Austro-Hungarian front; Montenegro; Christmas mutiny; Italy; Sidny Sonino, General Pershing; Major Scanland

Summary/Abstract: According to provisions of the Truce with Austria-Hungary, concluded on November 3, 1918, the USA government and its armed forces assumed the obligation to participate in implementing its provisions. Considering the fact that the US President Woodrow Wilson and the Government were in a dispute with Italy over the latter’s pretensions to Eastern Adriatic Coast, the presence of American troops was necessary to prevent armed conflicts between Italy and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes in Dalmatia and Montenegro. Using their presence in Kotor, the Italian command tried to enter the interior of Montenegro with an American military unit and thus prevent the Great Constitutive Assembly from taking place. Having seen through the intentions of the Italians, American Major Scanland ordered a retreat of the troops to Kotor. After the Christmas mutiny of the royalists and their supporters on January 6, 1918, and their failure to realize their political goals, most of the insurgents sought refuge with American military troops in Kotor, trusting the Americans to protect them more than the Italians.

  • Issue Year: 2010
  • Issue No: 3
  • Page Range: 31-44
  • Page Count: 13
  • Language: Serbian