People’s Party campaigns for parliamentary elections in the 1920s Cover Image

Volebná kampaň ľudovej strany pred parlamentnými voľbami v 20. rokoch 20. storočia
People’s Party campaigns for parliamentary elections in the 1920s

Author(s): Linda Osyková
Subject(s): History
Published by: Historický ústav SAV
Keywords: History; Slovak People’s Party; Hlinka’s Slovak People’s Party; Czechoslovakia; elections

Summary/Abstract: Before every parliamentary election in the 1920s, the Slovak People’s Party had to struggle with different circumstances. In 1920 the program of the party was based on three ideological pillars: Christian, national and popular or social. In the first parliamentary elections, the party gained third place after the Social Democrats and Agrarians. The support of priests, who supported the Ľudáks played an important part. Voters also certainly decided according to confession. Before the 1925 elections, the party presented a thoroughly revised program for the autonomy of Slovakia. Hlinka’s Slovak People’s Party (HSĽS) won with a high number of votes. The active support of Catholic voters and criticism of the coalition certainly worked. Taking over the agenda of the Agrarian Party, meaning increased interest in the problem of land reform, could also bring good results for the Ľudáks. In the 1929 elections, HSĽS again triumphed, but with fewer votes than in 1925. The party had been damaged by the Tuka affair. The negative impact of the sudden move to the opposition camp and a certain political isolation caused by the Tuka affair replaced fear of the loss of votes in connection with the participation of HSĽS in government.

  • Issue Year: 2010
  • Issue No: 02
  • Page Range: 233-261
  • Page Count: 29
  • Language: Slovak