Problem ruchu bezwizowego w stosunkach polsko‑amerykańskich po 1989 r.
The issue of visa‑free travel in U.S.‑Polish relations after 1989
Subject(s): Politics / Political Sciences
Published by: KSIĘGARNIA AKADEMICKA Sp. z o.o.
Keywords: Poland; USA; visa; president; relationship
Summary/Abstract: In the recent decade, the Polish efforts seeking extension of the U.S. Visa Waiver Program to Poland have been one of the major themes in U.S.‑Polish relations and an important issue for the Polish public opinion. Polish politicians and media have often presented it in terms of American “ingratitude” for Polish support for U.S. positions like the Iraq war and the Ballistic Missile Defense program. This article, after brief outline of the provisions of the U.S. law governing visas and the Visa Waiver Program, presents a historical account of the issue and its role in bilateral relations since 1989, and describes legislative responses to Polish requests that have been introduced in Congress. After the analysis of those measures, the article concludes that the failure of Polish efforts for Poland’s inclusion in the Visa Waiver Program was caused primarily by mistaken strategy (overemphasis being put on conventional diplomacy over congressional lobbying), congressional reluctance to single out individual countries for exemption from generally applicable rules, and post‑9/ 11 political climate, unfavorable to easing of immigration rules.
- Issue Year: 2013
- Issue No: 1 (01)
- Page Range: 109-139
- Page Count: 31
- Language: Polish