Eastern border and the exchange of territories border Polish and Soviet Union in 1951 Cover Image
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Wymiana terytoriów przygranicznych Polski i ZSRS w 1951 roku. Zarys problemu w oparciu o polskie źródła archiwalne
Eastern border and the exchange of territories border Polish and Soviet Union in 1951

Author(s): Andrzej Wawryniuk
Subject(s): History
Published by: KSIĘGARNIA AKADEMICKA Sp. z o.o.
Keywords: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics; Polish Republic; exchange of territories Tomaszowski and Hrubieszowski district; Eastern Carpathians; oil; gas; coal; border

Summary/Abstract: In 1951 the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics asked the Poland to forward 480 km2 of land owned by the counties Tomaszów, Hrubieszów. In return, we were to receive the Petroleum and Gas rich areas of the Bieszczady Mountains. Indeed, the lands were transferred to land covering the huge deposits of coal, which was already known to contain deposits in the 30’s. Twentieth century Poland was again „enriched” by depleted oil and gas fields in the Eastern Carpathians, belonging to the Drohobycz circuit. A significant part of the work was devoted to the presentation of works and procedures related to the preparation of the Polish areas to transfer to the Soviet Union. I also discuss the work of delimitation commission to appoint a new Polish-Soviet border. In the last part of the article I present unpublished material on the new Soviet demands for new land transfer among other things, the county Hrubieszów ranging in size from 1250- -1300 km2. In return, Poland was proposed the railway line Chyrowa–Dobromil and… rich in oil and gas areas in the Carpathians.

  • Issue Year: 2012
  • Issue No: 04
  • Page Range: 191-228
  • Page Count: 38
  • Language: Polish