The First Generation of American Neoconservatives Cover Image
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První generace amerických neokonzervativců: mezi konzervativci a liberály
The First Generation of American Neoconservatives

Author(s): Lukáš Hoder
Subject(s): Politics / Political Sciences
Published by: Mezinárodní politologický ústav Masarykovy univerzity v Brně
Keywords: neoconservative movement; Irving Kristol; American conservatism and liberalism; capitalism; American foreign policy

Summary/Abstract: The paper searches for the essentials of the American neoconservative movement. The article focuses on the beginnings of the first generation, the “godfathers” of the movement, and especially the personality and life of Irving Kristol. First the article analyses the pre-neoconservative situation in United States. The roots of the movement are found in the liberal environment and its break-up in the reality of the turbulent Sixties. The development of the neoconservative movement through various concepts of domestic and foreign policy is described in the context of conservative-liberal struggle in the USA, while the position of neoconservatives is compared to these orientations. The long evolution of opinions and orientations of Irving Kristol is interpreted as a typical feature of the whole movement, and his life serves as the guide for the concept of the paper. The article presents the main eight fundamentals of the neoconservative movement formulated by Irving Kristol, and the study is concluded with a short section focused on the foreign policy opinions of the movement during the Reagan administration.

  • Issue Year: XIII/2006
  • Issue No: 2
  • Page Range: 181-199
  • Page Count: 18
  • Language: Czech