Varieties of gramatical norms and pecularities of their evaluation Cover Image

Gramatikos normų variantai ir jų vertinimo ypatumai
Varieties of gramatical norms and pecularities of their evaluation

Author(s): Rita Miliūnaitė
Subject(s): Language and Literature Studies
Published by: Lietuvių Kalbos Institutas
Keywords: Grammar; norms; variants; neutral norm; codification; standartisation

Summary/Abstract: The article deals with systematic and functional features of the varieties of grammatical norms. It also analyses some factors to be taken into consideration when standardising the varieties. From the point of view of their quality, grammatical variants can be of equal and non-equal status. In addition, discrimination should be made betwen main and secondary varieties of the norm. The main variety, as a rule, is neutral norm, whereas secondary varieties can have some minor shades of meaning and are restricted to a particular area of usage (i. e. it belongs to different functional styles). When setting a value on one of the above norms, it is very important to have access to the statistics of actual usage data. Eventually, it can introduce corrections into codification, or ways of giving variants in papers on norms and standartisation. On the basis of the data drawn from the language corpus of Kaunas Vytautas Magnus University, the paper also discusses the relationship between actual and codified norm of some frequently used grammar forms.

  • Issue Year: 2002
  • Issue No: 75
  • Page Range: 35-46
  • Page Count: 13
  • Language: Lithuanian