Journal of Liberty and International Affairs Cover Image

Journal of Liberty and International Affairs
Journal of Liberty and International Affairs

Publishing House: Institute for Research and European Studies - Bitola
Subject(s): Politics / Political Sciences, Christian Theology and Religion, Politics, History, Anthropology, Philosophy, Social Sciences, Economy, Gender Studies, Education, Law, Constitution, Jurisprudence, Media studies, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life, Geography, Regional studies, Human Geography, History of Law, Constitutional Law, Criminal Law, Civil Law, International Law, Human Rights and Humanitarian Law, Law and Transitional Justice, Philosophical Traditions, Ethics / Practical Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Social Philosophy, Political Theory, Political Sciences, Civil Society, Governance, Public Administration, Public Law, Communication studies, Sociology, Comparative history, Diplomatic history, Economic history, Ethnohistory, History of ideas, Military history, Political history, Social history, Gender history, Theology and Religion, Islam studies, Comparative Studies of Religion, Religion and science , German Idealism, Pragmatism, Existentialism, Structuralism and Post-Structuralism, Marxism, Philosophy of Religion, Philosophy of Science, Philosophy of Law, Labor relations, Economic policy, Environmental and Energy policy, Government/Political systems, International relations/trade, Security and defense, Military policy, Electoral systems, Welfare systems, Developing nations, Political behavior, Political economy, Political psychology, Politics and law, Politics and communication, Politics and religion, Politics and society, History and theory of political science, Methodology and research technology, Comparative politics, Cultural Anthropology / Ethnology, Theory of Communication, Adult Education, Higher Education , History of Education, Educational Psychology, State/Government and Education, Social psychology and group interaction, History and theory of sociology, Methodology and research technology, Social development, Social differentiation, Social Theory, Crowd Psychology: Mass phenomena and political interactions, Criminology, Studies in violence and power, Health and medicine and law, Family and social welfare, Demography and human biology, Human Ecology, Nationalism Studies, Political Ecology, Welfare services, History of Islam, Contemporary Islamic Thought, Political Essay, Societal Essay, Editorial, Scientific Life, Conference Report, Book-Review, Law on Economics, Migration Studies, Inter-Ethnic Relations, EU-Accession / EU-DEvelopment, Fiscal Politics / Budgeting, Ethnic Minorities Studies, Phenomenology, Canon Law / Church Law, Social Norms / Social Control, Penal Policy, Sociology of Politics, Globalization, Inclusive Education / Inclusion, Sociology of Education, Philosophy of Law, EU-Legislation, Sociology of Religion, Sociology of Law, Geopolitics, History of Religion, Ontology, Philosophy of History, Politics of History/Memory, Politics and Identity, Identity of Collectives, Corruption - Transparency - Anti-Corruption, Peace and Conflict Studies, Rhetoric, Maritime Law, Commercial Law, Court case, Sharia Law, Asylum, Refugees, Migration as Policy-fields
Frequency: irregular and other
Print ISSN: 1857-9760
Online-ISSN: 1857-9760
Status: Active

  • 2016
  • 2017
  • 2018
  • 2019
  • 2020
  • Issue No. 01/II
  • Issue No. 02/II
  • Issue No. 03/I
  • Issue No. Suppl./I
  • Issue No. 01/III
  • Issue No. 02/III
  • Issue No. 03/II
  • Issue No. Suppl./III
  • Issue No. 01/IV
  • Issue No. 02/IV
  • Issue No. 03/III
  • Issue No. 03/IV
  • Issue No. 01/V
  • Issue No. 02/V
  • Issue No. 03/V
  • Issue No. 03/V
  • Issue No. 1/6
  • Issue No. 2/6
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Articles list
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Short Description

Journal of Liberty and International Affairs is a triannual (3 issues per year), open-access and internationally peer-reviewed journal devoted to the study of liberty and international affairs, published by the Institute for Research and European Studies - Bitola. A group of scholars are responsible for the launching of this journal. The primary intention is to offer academic and public debate on liberty and international affairs in all their aspects, taking into account the following topics: Individual liberty; Libertarianism; Classical / Neoclassical liberalism; Objectivism; Social liberalism; Coercion; Statism; Anarchism; Minarchism; Democracy; Political anthropology; International relations and diplomacy; Public and private international law; Geopolitics; Nationalism; Multilateralism; Security and freedom; Ideology; Politics and religion; Neo-Ottomanism; Neo-Sovietism; Yugosphere; Propaganda; Regional cooperation; European federalism; EU law and politics; European economic governance; EU foreign and security policy; Competitive federalism; Comparative constitutional law; Human rights and freedoms; Gender studies; Emerging powers (BRICS; Russia; China; India etc.); Transatlantic relations and other related topics, that contribute to the understanding of liberty and international affairs from different angles. It is important to emphasize, that this journal devotes special attention to Europe / EU as a crucial factor in the contemporary international affairs. Also, the journal editorial team encourages the submissions that treat Balkan issues, especially the attitude of the Balkan countries towards the European integration, and their place within the new international context.


Journal of Liberty and International Affairs is identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) and each its article carries a Universal Decimal Classification number (UDC), which serves as a unique article identifier. The publisher and the journal have registered deposit policy with SHERPA/RoMEO. All the articles are freely available online upon publication. They are published under the liberal Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY). Each article is archived in SSOAR with assigned URN (Unique Resource Name), which is a persistent identifier (PID) that enables unequivocal and permanent access to the publication and its scientific citation. The author holds the copyright and retains publishing rights without restrictions. Articles that have been accepted, will be published on the website of the journal, and may be distributed to other online repositories, such as and, or the author’s pages on In order to provide visibility of the published work, the journal is indexed and abstracted in multiple academic repositories and search engines. The journal editors share announcements, news and related articles about the topic of the journal on Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn.


Journal of Liberty and International Affairs is a peer-reviewed journal, all articles being examined by researchers with credentials in the article's field of study before they are published. Articles are subjects to initial editorial screening and anonymous peer-review by two reviewers who will be selected by the editors. This journal operates a closed peer-review process, meaning that reviewers will not know author details and will themselves remain anonymous to the author. Journal of Liberty and International Affairs follows double-blind peer-review policy strictly.


The publisher and journal have a policy of “Zero Tolerance on the Plagiarism”. All articles will be checked by PlagScan before being sent to the reviewers. If the case of plagiarism or duplication is detected, the article will be immediately rejected. If plagiarism or duplication is detected after publication of the article, the journal editors have the right to issue a correction or retract the published article. Any attempts for plagiarism will be strictly sanctioned by the journal editors.


Journal of Liberty and International Affairs is a fully open access journal, which means that all articles are freely available, ensuring maximum, worldwide dissemination of content, in exchange for an article publication fee. The journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge. Published material can be re-used without obtaining permission as long as a correct citation to the original publication is given.


Editorial board

Goran Ilik, PhD, University St. Kliment Ohridski - Bitola, North Macedonia

Managing Editors:
Mladen Karadjoski, PhD, University St. Kliment Ohridski - Bitola, North Macedonia
Artur Adamczyk, PhD, Centre for Europe, University of Warsaw, Poland

Technical Editor and IT Consultant:
Aleksandar Kotevski, PhD

PR Consultant:
Aleksandar Georgiev, MA

Language Redaction:
Bojan Gruevski, MA

Associate Editors:
Oxana Karnaukhova, PhD, Southern Federal University, Russian Federation
Judithanne Scourfield McLauchlan, PhD, The University of South Florida St. Petersburg, USA
Goran Bandov, PhD, Dag Hammarskjold University, Croatia
Dijana Stojanovic - Djordjevic, PhD, Independent Researcher, North Macedonia
Angelo Viglianisi Ferraro, PhD, Mediterranea University of Reggio Calabria, Italy
Valeri Modebadze, PhD, Caucasus International University, Georgia
Vesna Poposka, PhD, International Vision University, North Macedonia
Masataka Nakauchi, PhD, Osaka School of International Public Policy, Osaka University, Japan
Marko Babic, PhD, Institute of European Studies, University of Warsaw, Poland
Elena Temelkovska - Anevska, PhD, University St. Kliment Ohridski - Bitola, North Macedonia
Angelina Stanojoska, PhD, University St. Kliment Ohridski - Bitola, North Macedonia
Aslam Khan, PhD, Department of Political Science, Yobe State University, Nigeria
Ice Ilijevski, PhD, University St. Kliment Ohridski - Bitola, North Macedonia
Eloi Martins Senhoras, PhD, Federal University of Roraima (UFRR), Brazil
Natalia Cuglesan, PhD, Babes-Bolyai University Cluj-Napoca, Romania

International Editorial Committee:
Tara Smith, PhD, University of Texas at Austin, USA
Zhiqun Zhu, PhD, Bucknell University, USA
Vladimir Ortakovski, PhD, University St. Kliment Ohridski - Bitola, North Macedonia
Helmut Kury, PhD, University of Freiburg, Germany
Hans-Juergen Zahorka, Assessor iuris, LIBERTAS - European Institute GmbH, Germany
Inan Ruma, PhD, Istanbul Bilgi University, Turkey
Gordana Dobrijevic, PhD, Singidunum University in Belgrade, Serbia
Cristina-Maria Dogot, PhD, University of Oradea, Romania
Ilija Todorovski, PhD, University St. Kliment Ohridski - Bitola, North Macedonia
Muhamed Ali, PhD, International University of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Marija Kostic, PhD, Singidunum University in Belgrade, Serbia
Isabel David, PhD, University of Lisbon, Portugal
Remenyi Peter, PhD, University of Pecs, Hungary
Slavejko Sasajkovski, PhD, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, North Macedonia
Przemyslaw Biskup, PhD, Polish Institute of International Affairs, Poland
Hitesh Gupta, PhD, SPEAK Foundation, India
Skip Worden, PhD, Independent Researcher, USA
Mehmet Sahin, PhD, Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Turkey
Christian Ruggiero, PhD, Department of Communication and Social Research in Sapienza University, Italy
Emel Elif Tugdar, PhD, University of Kurdistan Hawler, Iraqi Kurdistan, Iraq
Zoran Lutovac, PhD, Institute of Social Sciences, Serbia
Keti Arsovska - Nestorovska, PhD, International Slavic University, North Macedonia
Gloria Esteban de la Rosa, PhD, University of Jaen, Spain
Habib Kazzi, PhD, Lebanese University, Lebanon
Sergii Burlutskyi, PhD, Donbass State Machine-building University, Ukraine
Bhoj Raj Poudel, MA, National College, Kathmandu University, Nepal
Anmol Mukhia, PhD Research Scholar, Jilin University, PR China
Pramod Jaiswal, PhD, Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies, New Delhi, India
Polonca Kovac, PhD, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia
Russell Foster, PhD, European Studies at the University of Amsterdam, Netherlands
Irvin Faniko, PhD, Academy of Security, Albania
Fabio Ratto Trabucco, PhD, Venetian University, Italy
Laura Maria Stanila, PhD, West University of Timisoara, Romania
Eyal Lewin, PhD, Dept. of Middle Eastern Studies and Political Science at Ariel University, Israel
Tayeb Boutbouqalt, PhD, University of Abdel Malek Essaadi, Morocco
Hai Hong Nguyen, PhD, Queensland University of Technology, Australia
Ferdinand T. Abocejo, PhD, Eastern Visayas State University Tacloban, Philippines
Gergana Dimova, PhD, University of Winchester, UK
Iveta Reinholde, PhD, University of Latvia, Latvia
Nicolas Nord, PhD, University of Strasbourg, France
Bashar H. Malkawi, PhD, University of Sharjah, UAE

Milka Dimitrovska, PhD(c), Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, North Macedonia
Nikola Lj. Ilievski, PhD(s), Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, North Macedonia
Luke Bartosik, MA, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan/Catholic University of America, Poland
Ibrahim B. Anoba, BA, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ogun State, Nigeria
Nikola G. Petrovski, MA, University St. Kliment Ohridski - Bitola, North Macedonia
Mrittika Nandy, PhD(c), Serampore Girls’ College, India
Nikola Gjorshoski, PhD(c), Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, North Macedonia
Ofelya Sargsyan, MA, LIBERTAS - European Institute GmbH, Armenia
Ekin Genc, MSc, University of Oxford, UK

Indexing information

Journal of Liberty and International Affairs is covered by the following services:

EBSCO, DOAJ, CEEOL, SSOAR, ERIHPLUS, HeinOnline, Index Copernicus, CiteFactor, SHERPA/RoMEO, HARVARD Library (HOLLIS+), SUNCAT, WorldCat, JournalTOCs, Scholar Steer, Bielefeld Academic Search Engine, Open Academic Journals Index ...

For more, please visit:


Submission guidelines

The authors are strongly encouraged to read the peer-review process section and the Article Guidelines carefully before preparing an article for submission, and also to check the article for conformance before submitting it for publication.


  • Articles may come from any country but must be written in English.
  • Only by exception, articles in the Macedonian, German or French language will be accepted, while the abstracts have to be in English.
  • Articles are considered on the basis of scientific validity and technical quality, not perceived impact.
  • The journal editors reserve the right to return to authors, without peer-review, improperly formatted articles.
  • Authors are discouraged from using figures. (If there is sufficient cause to include figures, authors must submit original electronic copies in PNG, TIF, or high-resolution JPG format). If tables are included, they must be created in Word, not Excel.
  • The journal editors do not insist on a particular variant of English language for the articles, but the grammar must be at a publishable level upon receipt. If the article is not written in the author’s mother tongue, the authors are encouraged to enlist the help of a native speaker, or a professional proofreader before submitting the article.
  • The published articles are hierarchically numbered. They are published under the liberal CC Attribution License (CC-BY 3.0). The author holds the copyright and retains publishing rights without restrictions.
  • One author cannot send more than two articles (first author of one article, and co-author of another one). The author declares that any person named as co-author of the article is aware of the fact and has agreed to being so named.
  • The article text should not include any information that identifies the authors, or any other collaborators in the work. The managing editor will remove personal details from the articles, prior to their sending to reviewers.
  • Each author needs to submit a short biography (max. 150 words). If the authors submit their articles via Email (, the short biography should be submitted in a separate file.
  • The articles should be submitted in a Microsoft Word format (.doc or .docx).
  • The journal uses the plagiarism screening tool PlagScan.
  • Consent from the authors affirming that the article is their original work should accompany the article submission via online submission form. If the authors submit their articles via Email (, they should attach signed and scanned JLIA Declaration of originality.

Submission Preparation Checklist
Before submitting the article, author(s) should check the following list:

  • Article has been made in the light of journal’s author guidelines.
  • The article has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration.
  • The article file is in Microsoft Word file, or is sent via online submission form.
  • Author(s) did not mention his or her name and affiliation in the main text.
  • Author(s) has read all the terms and conditions of the journal.
  • Corresponding author has prepared for submission JLIA Declaration of originality.
  • Author(s) is/are aware of the publication fee of the journal.
  • Each author should provide ORCID iD.



Article title: Times New Roman; 14 pt; bold; alignment centered; single-line spacing; All Caps (max. 100 characters with spaces).

Author name and title: Times New Roman; bold; 14 pt; single-line spacing; alignment centered.

Affiliation and E-mail address: Times New Roman; italic; 12 pt; single-line spacing; alignment centered.

Abstract and keywords: Between 100 and 150 words (5-7 keywords); Times New Roman; 12 pt; single-line spacing; justify.

Article text: Times New Roman; 12 pt; justify; 1.5 line spacing; margins: Top: 2,5 cm; Bottom: 2,5 cm; Left: 3 cm; Right: 3 cm. The scope of submitted text should not exceed more than 30.000 characters (with spaces) including references. Text should be written in neuter gender, concisely and in correct orthography. Latin phrases should be set in italics.

Quotations: If they are brief (3 lines or fewer), quotations should be run on with the text. Longer quotations should be indented, without quotation marks. All indented quotations should be typed single-spaced.

Citation style: The author should follow Chicago Style (author-date system) for referencing, for example: (Dahl 1989, 45); (Geddes 1999, 134-43); (Linz 1975). All references should be given in full at first mention. Subsequent citations can be abbreviated. Footnotes should be kept to a minimum.

Headings and subheadings: Times New Roman; 12 pt; bold.

Table: Times New Roman; bold; size 10; align heading left; single line spacing. Tables must be created in Word, not Excel. Table heading is situated above the table.

Figures: Times New Roman; bold; size 10; alignment centered; single line spacing. The authors must submit original electronic copies of the figures applied in the article in TIFF, JPG or PNG format. Figure heading is situated under the figure. Consider to align tables and figures at the centre.

Dates: Dates should be given in the form: 30 December 2013.