US-German clash over international order and security. The consequences for NATO’s Eastern flank Cover Image

US-German clash over international order and security. The consequences for NATO’s Eastern flank
US-German clash over international order and security. The consequences for NATO’s Eastern flank

Author(s): Justyna Gotkowska
Contributor(s): Ilona Duchnowicz (Translator)
Subject(s): International relations/trade, Security and defense, Military policy, Geopolitics
Published by: Ośrodek Studiów Wschodnich im. Marka Karpia
Keywords: United States; Germany; international order; security and defence; NATO; military cooperation; foreign policy;
Summary/Abstract: This year’s Munich Security Conference has laid bare the differences in the US and German visions of international order and security in speeches given by Chancellor Angela Merkel and US Vice President Mike Pence. Germany fundamentally disagrees with the Trump administration both on the paradigm of inter-state strategic competition with China and Russia (and Iran) and on the redefinition of the political, economic and military terms of the alliance with Europe. Berlin, aware of the growing challenges to European and global order and security, rejects the American ‘peace through strength’ policy, but at the same time has failed to present any real alternative. Merkel’s defence of the multilateral approach and of the liberal international order (understood as shaping the policy with partners and allies, above all the USA, but also in dialogue with China and Russia) is not a viable alternative any more. Nor is developing comprehensive European strategic autonomy in the French spirit, independent of the United States. Berlin is still aware that the alliance with the USA form the foundations of German and European security and prosperity even if Washington is becoming an increasingly difficult partner and ally. Given the long-term domestic limitations that shape German foreign and security policy, it is difficult to expect any major change in Germany’s in-between course in the coming years. The continued disagreements between the two biggest allies over key security issues will present an increasing challenge to NATO’s Eastern flank countries.

  • Page Count: 7
  • Publication Year: 2019
  • Language: English