The CSDP’s renaissance. Challenges and opportunities for the eastern flank Cover Image

The CSDP’s renaissance. Challenges and opportunities for the eastern flank
The CSDP’s renaissance. Challenges and opportunities for the eastern flank

Author(s): Justyna Gotkowska
Subject(s): International relations/trade, Security and defense, Military policy, EU-Accession / EU-DEvelopment
Published by: Ośrodek Studiów Wschodnich im. Marka Karpia
Keywords: CSDP; eastern flank; EU foreign policy
Summary/Abstract: On 22 June the European Council agreed on the need to launch a permanent structured cooperation (PESCO) in the field of security and defence. Thus, the last of the discussed initiatives on the development of the EU’s Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) gained political support and will be implemented. Debates on the CSDP have gained momentum since mid-2016 due to a combination of three factors: the UK’s decision to leave the EU, the adoption of the Global Strategy for the EU’s Foreign and Security Policy, and some EU member states’ dislike of Donald Trump, combined with the conviction that it is necessary to reduce the EU’s dependence on the USA. The year-long negotiations have resulted in the creation of military planning and conduct capability, the establishment of the European Defence Fund, and of the coordinated annual review on defence, and the decision to activate PESCO.These initiatives may be an opportunity to increase the military capabilities of EU member states and to boost investment or streamline defence spending. However, in an unfavourable political situation (involving for example long-term tensions between the USA and the Western European allies), the development of these initiatives may have negative consequences for NATO. Therefore, in most states of the Baltic Sea and the Black Sea regions, EU initiatives are received with great caution. Less inclined to see themselves as part of the eastern flank, Poland’s partners from the Visegrad Group are more enthusiastic about the plan to enhance cooperation. However, it is not certain whether the new EU initiatives will bring measurable results or if they will remain a rather meaningless response to a short-term political demand.

  • Page Count: 9
  • Publication Year: 2017
  • Language: English