№223 The Nordic countries on Nord Stream 2: between scepticism and neutrality Cover Image

№223 The Nordic countries on Nord Stream 2: between scepticism and neutrality
№223 The Nordic countries on Nord Stream 2: between scepticism and neutrality

Author(s): Justyna Gotkowska, Piotr Szymański
Subject(s): Energy and Environmental Studies, Economic policy
Published by: OSW Ośrodek Studiów Wschodnich im. Marka Karpia
Keywords: Sweden; Finland; Denmark; Nord Stream; energy
Summary/Abstract: Sweden, Finland and Denmark have seen a revival of the debate on the Nord Stream 2 project in recent months. As the planned gas pipeline will run through these countries’ exclusive economic zones and/or territorial waters, the governments in Stockholm, Helsinki and Copenhagen will have to take a decision on NS2 construction soon. They find themselves in a difficult situation. On one hand, the Russian-Ukrainian war and the deteriorating security situation in the Baltic Sea region have resulted in more distance towards Russian economic projects in these countries. All of them have also come under increasing pressure from the United States, the CEE countries, and domestic opposition parties, which have been demanding the project’s suspension. On the other hand, neither Stockholm, Helsinki nor Copenhagen wants to use their national laws or the Law of the Sea to block Nord Stream 2, which enjoys support from Germany.Sweden, Finland and Denmark are therefore unlikely to block or slow down the procedures of issuing national approvals for the pipeline’s construction. However, they expect the European Commission to assess the compliance of Nord Stream 2 with the EU’s Third Energy Package. In addition, Stockholm and Copenhagen in particular want the EU to take a common political stance on the project, based on the assessment of Nord Stream 2’s conformity with the objectives of EU energy and climate policy as well as the EU’s security interests.

  • Page Count: 7
  • Publication Year: 2016
  • Language: English