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Regionalism asimetric şi administraţie publică
Asymmetric Regionalism and Public Administration

Author(s): Miklós Bakk
Subject(s): Constitutional Law, Public Administration, Government/Political systems, Comparative politics
Published by: ISPMN Institutul pentru Studierea Problemelor Minorităţilor Naţionale
Keywords: Public administration; Assymetric regionalism; Evolution of state organization; Constitution;
Summary/Abstract: After 1990, the concepts of regional reform that emerged in the Central and Eastern European countries attracted the question of whether asymmetric regionalism, characteristic of Western Europe, is also topical here. According to the classical typology of state structures there are three fundamental types: a) the federal state; b) the regional state; c) the unitary state. These structural types include those elements of asymmetrical political territorial division, which are combinations of elements of indirect and direct governance, under the conditions of the organization of the modern state. From the point of view of this study, the latter type is of the highest relevance. Regarding the regional autonomies and special administrative statutes of this category, the following conclusions can be drawn: 1) the reason for the creation of regions depends largely on a historical history, and the form of institutionalization of the public administration model of that state; 2) at the beginning of the regionalization, the constitutional starting point may be both symmetrical (Spain) and asymmetric (Italy, UK), but the subsequent evolution of regionalization inevitably results in an institutional asymmetry (at the level of the statutes). In the decades after the Second World War the number of elements of asymmetric political territorial division in the territorial and administrative systems of the EU Member States (Spain, Italy, Belgium, Great Britain) increased and most authors who analyzed the phenomenon suggest that solutions Asymmetric rather facilitates than undermines stability.

  • Page Count: 28
  • Publication Year: 2014
  • Language: Romanian