The Migration of Croats in Romania. Between Ethnic Migration and Labor Migration Cover Image

Migraţia croaţilor din România. Între migraţie etnică şi migraţie de muncă
The Migration of Croats in Romania. Between Ethnic Migration and Labor Migration

Author(s): Remus Gabriel Anghel
Subject(s): Labor relations, Migration Studies, Ethnic Minorities Studies, Socio-Economic Research
Published by: ISPMN Institutul pentru Studierea Problemelor Minorităţilor Naţionale
Keywords: Migration of Croats from Romania; Ethnic and labor migration; Minorities;
Summary/Abstract: The paper addresses the relationship between migration and ethnicity in a case of ethnic minorities' migration, unfolding the role of migrant networks and of ethnicity in initiating and developing international labor migration. The analysis is carried out with ethnic Croats from Romania, a small ethnic group whose members first migrated to Serbia, then to Croatia and later to Austria. In these phases of migration, three uses of ethnicity unfolded: ethnicity as access to language, providing easier access to job openings and social ties to locals; ethnicity as legal status enabling access to citizenship, rights and opportunities; and ethnicity as a form of transnational solidarity to co-ethnic minorities, providing access to supplementary forms of social trust enabled by minority organizations. In this context, migrant networks functioned as provider of opportunities in a context where ethnicity was a structuring factor of this migration. In the case under study, two cumulating social resources - social capital and migrants' ethnicity - granted the easiness and success of migration, as well as the economic prosperity of migrants' households.

  • Page Count: 22
  • Publication Year: 2013
  • Language: Romanian