The Role of the European Public Prosecutor's Office in the Investigation of Crimes Affecting the Financial Interests of the EU Cover Image
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Ролята на европейската прокуратура за разследване на престъпления, засягащи финансовите интереси на Европейския съюз
The Role of the European Public Prosecutor's Office in the Investigation of Crimes Affecting the Financial Interests of the EU

Author(s): Chavdar Groshev
Subject(s): Law, Constitution, Jurisprudence, Criminal Law, EU-Legislation
Published by: Пловдивски университет »Паисий Хилендарски«
Keywords: European Public Prosecutor’s Office; financial interests of the EU; cross-border crimes; Council Regulation (EU) 2017/1939 of 12 October 2017 implementing enhanced cooperation on the establishment of
Summary/Abstract: The article represents the genesis of the necessity of establishing one future authority, whose method of operation and unified approach towards criminal investigation and tackling with cross-border crimes would lead to effective prosecution and cooperation between Member Sates. The author analyzes Council Regulation (EU) 2017/1939 of 12 October 2017 that draws the conception of the structure and competence of The European Public Prosecutor’s Office. The article stresses on the material jurisdiction of the future authority, which includes criminal offences such as fraud, corruption or serious cross-border VAT fraud, affecting the financial interests of the EU/reffered to in Directive (EU) 2017/1371/, with the open possibility of extending this jurisdiction in the near future. Emphasizing on these concrete type of crimes is due to the fact that they are wide scale within the EU and the scope of the annual financial damages to the EU`s budged is broadening, according to different sources such as The Report on the Protection of the EU's financial interests, covering the year 2010. The author reveals the contrasting attitudes of the EU Member States,the majority of which support the idea of overcoming the difficulties and the restrictions that are generated by prosecution at local level, by establishing The European Public Prosecutor’s Office,whereas the other counties are disinclined to transfer sovereignty to another prosecuting authority beyond national borders. The aim of this article is to illustrate the functions and the coordination between the European Prosecutor and the European Delegated Prosecutors in accordance with the investigation and prosecution of crimes affecting the financial interests of the EU.