Animals — Non-Animals, Humans — Non-Humans. Comic Heroes in "Spitamegeranomachia" by Jan Achacy Kmita Cover Image
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Zwierzęta — niezwierzęta, ludzie — nieludzie. Komiczni herosi w "Spitamegeranomachii" Jana Achacego Kmity
Animals — Non-Animals, Humans — Non-Humans. Comic Heroes in "Spitamegeranomachia" by Jan Achacy Kmita

Author(s): Aleksandra Goszczyńska
Subject(s): Studies of Literature
Published by: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego
Keywords: "Spitamegeranomachia";Jan Achacy Kmita;the battle between Pygmies and cranes;human-animal hybrids
Summary/Abstract: The first Polish mock-heroic poem, the 16th century Spitamegeranomachia by Jan Achacy Kmita, is a playful and ingenious way of blurring the boundary between the human and animal worlds. This literary adaptation of the ancient Greek myth of the annual crusade attacks on small Pygmies (geranomachia) is a description of regular war in which birds were greatly humanized while at the same time the prestige of their human antagonist was lowered. Another origin of Kmita’s comic heroes was a paradoxography of the Historia naturalis by Pliny the Elder. It embraced images of semi-human, semi-animal creatures (hybrids) and human monsters, which enriched the image of the collective hero of the Spitamegeranomachia with another animal-non-animal and human-inhuman exempla.

  • Page Range: 137-151
  • Page Count: 15
  • Publication Year: 2018
  • Language: Polish